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Comet C/2016 R2 (PANSTARRS)

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Comet C/2016 R2 (PANSTARRS) Position

Comet C/2016 R2 (PANSTARRS) is currently in the constellation of Hercules. The current Right Ascension is 16h 31m 11s and the Declination is +17° 08’ 29”.

16h 31m 11s
+17° 08’ 29”

Simplified sky chart showing where Comet C/2016 R2 (PANSTARRS) is right now in the sky with respect to the brightest stars and constellations (see full screen Online Planetarium)

Map showing Comet C/2016 R2 (PANSTARRS) in Hercules on April, 04 2020
Field of view: 60x30 degrees
View fullscreen
 = visible to the naked eye
 = binocular, brighter than 10th magnitude
= current altitude ≥ 30°   = current altitude < 30°   = below the horizon
Location: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]

Higher precision deep sky finder chart showing where Comet C/2016 R2 (PANSTARRS) is right now (view fullscreen)

RA: 16h 31m 11s
Dec: +17° 08’ 29”
Deep sky finder chart for Comet C/2016 R2 (PANSTARRS)
Field of view: 60x40 arcmins
View fullscreen

Also check out Where is Comet C/2016 R2 (PANSTARRS)?, a page that provides all the information needed to find Comet C/2016 R2 (PANSTARRS) in the sky and additional links to sky charts.

Comet C/2016 R2 (PANSTARRS) Distance

The distance of Comet C/2016 R2 (PANSTARRS) from Earth is currently 952,285,369 kilometers, equivalent to 6.365635 Astronomical Units. Light takes 52 minutes and 56.4821 seconds to travel from Comet C/2016 R2 (PANSTARRS) and arrive to us.

52 minutes and 56.4821 seconds

The following chart shows the distance of Comet C/2016 R2 (PANSTARRS) from Earth as a function of time. In the chart the distance data is measured in Astronomical Units and sampled with an interval of 1 day.

Distance of Comet C/2016 R2 (PANSTARRS) from Earth between January 2013 and December 2100

The value of the reported distance might be somewhat inaccurate around the times of closest approach for objects passing extremely close to Earth. The value of the distance of C/2016 R2 (PANSTARRS) from Earth is also available as a real time updated value in the Live Position and Data Tracker.

Closest approach of Comet C/2016 R2 (PANSTARRS) to Earth

Between January 2013 and December 2100 the closest approach of Comet C/2016 R2 (PANSTARRS) to Earth happens on Sat Dec 23 2017 at a distance of 2.05401289 Astronomical Units, or 307,275,956 kilometers:

Sat Dec 23 2017

NOTE: values for the closest approach are computed with a sampling interval of 1 day.

Comet C/2016 R2 (PANSTARRS) brightness

The current visual magnitude of Comet C/2016 R2 (PANSTARRS) is 19.30.


The observed magnitude and coma diameter values are derived from the Comet Observers Database by averaging the values reported in recent observations (more recent than 4 days), when available. The Estimated Magnitude comes from the JPL Horizons ephemerides service and might be inaccurate given the highly dynamic and unpredictable behavior of comets. When available, please refer to the Observed Magnitude value and consider the Estimated Magnitude as a directional indication. We acknowledge with thanks the comet observations from the COBS Comet Observation Database contributed by observers worldwide and used in this table to report recent comet observations.

The following chart is the predicted light curve (visual magnitude as a function of time) of Comet C/2016 R2 (PANSTARRS), according to the most recent ephemerides data. Magnitude data is sampled with a 2 days interval and there might be inaccuracies for objects changing brightness very rapidly during the course of a few days. For comets there could be large discrepancies between the observed and predicted brightness because of their highly dynamic behaviour.

Predicted magnitude of Comet C/2016 R2 (PANSTARRS) between January 2013 and December 2100

Comet C/2016 R2 (PANSTARRS) rise and set times

Location: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]
Latitude: 51° 28’ 47” N
Longitude: 0° 00’ 00” E
Timezone: Europe/London

Today's Comet C/2016 R2 (PANSTARRS) rise, transit and set times from Greenwich, United Kingdom [change] are the following (all times relative to the local timezone Europe/London):

Azimuth: 72.8°
Max altitude: 55.6°
Azimuth: 287.1°
Comet C/2016 R2 (PANSTARRS) is below the horizon from Greenwich, United Kingdom

The rise and set times are defined as the time at which the upper limb of Comet C/2016 R2 (PANSTARRS) touches the horizon, considering the effect of the atmospheric refraction. As the atmospheric conditions cannot be modeled precisely the times reported here should be considered correct with an approximation of few minutes.

Comet C/2016 R2 (PANSTARRS) Orbital Elements

The following table lists the orbital elements of Comet C/2016 R2 (PANSTARRS) at epoch 05 May 2018 00:00 UTC (JD: 2458244.5). Source: JPL Small-Body Database

Element Symbol Value
Orbit eccentricity e 0.99635299
Orbit inclination i 58.22386626°
Perihelion distance q 2.60237161 AU
389,309,252 km
Aphelion distance Q 1,424.52512165 AU
213,105,925,384 km
Semi-major axis a 713.56374663 AU
106,747,617,318 km
Orbital period period 19,061.5100 years
6,962,217.5966 days
Date of perihelion transit Tp 2018-May-09 14:00:36
2,458,248.0838 JD
Next perihelion transit 21080-Apr-04 04:19
9,420,465.6803 JD
Argument of perihelion peri 33.192151845439°
Longitude of the ascending node node 80.56881309336°
Mean anomaly M 359.99981469232°
Mean motion n 0.00005171°/day

Visualization of Comet C/2016 R2 (PANSTARRS) Orbit

This 3d orbit diagram is a feature of our 3D Solar System Simulator and shows the orbit of Comet C/2016 R2 (PANSTARRS) with respect of the Sun and the orbits of the major planets. The position of Comet C/2016 R2 (PANSTARRS) and the planets along their orbits in this diagram accurately represents the current configuration of the objects in the Solar System. This is an experimental feature and it requires a WebGL enabled browser. Please provide us feedback!

Orbit Diagram of Comet C/2016 R2 (PANSTARRS)
View Comet C/2016 R2 (PANSTARRS) in the 3D Solar System Simulator

Comet C/2016 R2 (PANSTARRS) 15 Days Ephemeris

The following table lists the ephemerides of Comet C/2016 R2 (PANSTARRS) computed for the past and next 7 days, with a 24 hours interval. Click on each row of the table to locate Comet C/2016 R2 (PANSTARRS) in our Online Planetarium at the chosen date.

Date Right AscensionR.A. DeclinationDec. MagnitudeMag Constellation
2020 Mar 28 16h 33m 14s +16° 48’ 38” 19.27 Hercules
2020 Mar 29 16h 33m 00s +16° 51’ 23” 19.28 Hercules
2020 Mar 30 16h 32m 44s +16° 54’ 06” 19.28 Hercules
2020 Mar 31 16h 32m 29s +16° 56’ 48” 19.28 Hercules
2020 Apr 01 16h 32m 12s +16° 59’ 27” 19.28 Hercules
2020 Apr 02 16h 31m 56s +17° 02’ 04” 19.29 Hercules
2020 Apr 03 16h 31m 38s +17° 04’ 40” 19.29 Hercules
2020 Apr 04 16h 31m 21s +17° 07’ 12” 19.29 Hercules
2020 Apr 05 16h 31m 02s +17° 09’ 42” 19.30 Hercules
2020 Apr 06 16h 30m 43s +17° 12’ 10” 19.30 Hercules
2020 Apr 07 16h 30m 24s +17° 14’ 35” 19.30 Hercules
2020 Apr 08 16h 30m 05s +17° 16’ 55” 19.31 Hercules
2020 Apr 09 16h 29m 44s +17° 19’ 14” 19.31 Hercules
2020 Apr 10 16h 29m 22s +17° 21’ 30” 19.31 Hercules