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Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar)

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Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) Position

Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) is currently in the constellation of Bootes. The current Right Ascension is 14h 08m 54s and the Declination is +19° 14’ 58”.

14h 08m 54s
+19° 14’ 58”

Simplified sky chart showing where Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) is right now in the sky with respect to the brightest stars and constellations (see fuillscreen Online Planetarium)

Map showing Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) in Bootes on September, 21 2019
Field of view: 60x30 degrees
View fullscreen
 = visible to the naked eye
 = binocular, brighter than 10th magnitude
= current altitude ≥ 30°   = current altitude < 30°   = below the horizon
Location: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]

Hihgher precision deep sky finder chart showing where Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) is right now (view fullscreen)

C/2019 J2
RA: 14h 08m 54s
Dec: +19° 14’ 58”
Deep sky finder chart for Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar)
Field of view: 60x40 arcmins
View fullscreen

Also check out Where is Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar)?, a page that provides all the information needed to find Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) in the sky and additional links to sky charts.

Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) Distance

The distance of Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) from Earth is currently 388,258,936 kilometers, equivalent to 2.595351 Astronomical Units. Light takes 21 minutes and 35.0924 seconds to travel from Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) and arrive to us.

21 minutes and 35.0924 seconds

The following chart shows the distance of Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) from Earth as a function of time. In the chart the distance data is measured in Astronomical Units and sampled with an interval of 1 day.

Distance of Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) from Earth between January 2013 and December 2100

The value of the reported distance might be somewhat inaccurate around the times of closest approach for objects passing extremely close to Earth. The value of the distance of C/2019 J2 from Earth is also available as a real time updated value in the Live Position and Data Tracker.

Closest approach of Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) to Earth

Between January 2013 and December 2100 the closest approach of Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) to Earth happens on Sun Jul 14 2019 at a distance of 1.75645863 Astronomical Units, or 262,762,471 kilometers:

Sun Jul 14 2019

NOTE: values for the closest approach are computed with a sampling interval of 1 day.

Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) brightness

The current visual magnitude of Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) is 18.17.


The observed magnitude and coma diameter values are derived from the Comet Observers Database by averaging the values reported in recent observations (more recent than 4 days), when available. The Estimated Magnitude comes from the JPL Horizons ephemerides service and might be inaccurate given the highly dynamic and unpredictable behvior of comets. When available, please refer to the Observed Magnitude value and consider the Estimated Magnitude as a directional indication. We acknowledge with thanks the comet observations from the COBS Comet Observation Database contributed by observers worldwide and used in this table to report recent comet observations.

The following chart is the predicted light curve (visual magnitude as a function of time) of Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar), according to the most recent ephemerides data. Magnitude data is sampled with a 2 days interval and there might be inaccuracies for objects changing brightness very rapidly during the course of a few days. For comets there could be large discrepancies between the observed and predicted brightness because of their highly dynamic behaviour.

Predicted magnitude of Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) between January 2013 and December 2100

Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) rise and set times

Location: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]
Latitude: 51° 28’ 47” N
Longitude: 0° 00’ 00” E
Timezone: Europe/London

Today's Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) rise, transit and set times from Greenwich, United Kingdom [change] are the following (all times relative to the local timezone Europe/London):

Azimuth: 70.8°
Max altitude: 57.6°
Azimuth: 288.9°
Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) is below the horizon from Greenwich, United Kingdom

The rise and set times are defined as the time at which the upper limb of Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) touches the horizon, consideting the effect of the atmospheric refraction. As the atmoshpere conditions cannot be modeled precisely the times reported here should be considered correct with an approximation of few minutes.

Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) Orbital Elements

The following table lists the orbital elements of Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) at epoch 09 June 2019 00:00 UTC (JD: 2458644.5). Source: JPL Small-Body Database

Element Symbol Value
Orbit eccentricity e 0.99716940
Orbit inclination i 105.13816418°
Perihelion distance q 1.72687307 AU
258,336,535 km
Aphelion distance Q 1,218.41866494 AU
182,272,838,262 km
Semi-major axis a 610.07276901 AU
91,265,587,398 km
Orbital period period 15,068.8700 years
5,503,904.4718 days
Date of perihelion transit Tp 2019-Jul-19 17:24:09
2,458,684.2251 JD
Next perihelion transit 17088-Sep-22 04:43
7,962,588.6969 JD
Argument of perihelion peri 98.703082683498°
Longitude of the ascending node node 25.470787848361°
Mean anomaly M 359.99740165541°
Mean motion n 0.00006541°/day

Visualization of Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) Orbit

This 3d orbit diagram is a feature of our 3D Solar System Simulator and shows the orbit of Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) with respect of the Sun and the orbits of the major planets. The position of Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) and the planets along their orbits in this diagram accurately represents the current configuration of the objects in the Solar System. This is an experimental feature and it requires a WebGL enabled browser. Please provide us feedback!

Orbit Diagram of Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar)
View Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) in the 3D Solar System Simulator

Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) 15 Days Ephemeris

The following table lists the ephemerides of Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) computed for the past and next 7 days, with a 24 hours interval. Click on each row of the table to locate Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) in our Online Planetarium at the chosen date.

Date Right AscensionR.A. DeclinationDec. MagnitudeMag Constellation
2019 Sep 14 14h 04m 50s +22° 57’ 29” 17.94 Bootes
2019 Sep 15 14h 05m 22s +22° 24’ 56” 17.97 Bootes
2019 Sep 16 14h 05m 57s +21° 52’ 51” 18.01 Bootes
2019 Sep 17 14h 06m 30s +21° 21’ 16” 18.04 Bootes
2019 Sep 18 14h 07m 05s +20° 50’ 09” 18.07 Bootes
2019 Sep 19 14h 07m 40s +20° 19’ 32” 18.10 Bootes
2019 Sep 20 14h 08m 14s +19° 49’ 21” 18.14 Bootes
2019 Sep 21 14h 08m 48s +19° 19’ 36” 18.17 Bootes
2019 Sep 22 14h 09m 24s +18° 50’ 17” 18.20 Bootes
2019 Sep 23 14h 10m 00s +18° 21’ 25” 18.24 Bootes
2019 Sep 24 14h 10m 35s +17° 52’ 58” 18.27 Bootes
2019 Sep 25 14h 11m 09s +17° 24’ 55” 18.30 Bootes
2019 Sep 26 14h 11m 45s +16° 57’ 16” 18.34 Bootes
2019 Sep 27 14h 12m 21s +16° 30’ 02” 18.37 Bootes