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Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar)

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Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) Position

Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) is currently in the constellation of Virgo. The current Right Ascension is 13h 26m 30s and the Declination is -22° 39’ 04”.

13h 26m 30s
-22° 39’ 04”

Simplified sky chart showing where Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) is right now in the sky with respect to the brightest stars and constellations (see full screen Online Planetarium)

Map showing Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) in Virgo on March, 29 2020
Field of view: 60x30 degrees
View fullscreen
 = visible to the naked eye
 = binocular, brighter than 10th magnitude
= current altitude ≥ 30°   = current altitude < 30°   = below the horizon
Location: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]

Higher precision deep sky finder chart showing where Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) is right now (view fullscreen)

C/2019 J2 (Palomar)
RA: 13h 26m 30s
Dec: -22° 39’ 04”
Deep sky finder chart for Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar)
Field of view: 60x40 arcmins
View fullscreen

Also check out Where is Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar)?, a page that provides all the information needed to find Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) in the sky and additional links to sky charts.

Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) Distance

The distance of Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) from Earth is currently 382,346,166 kilometers, equivalent to 2.555826 Astronomical Units. Light takes 21 minutes and 15.3695 seconds to travel from Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) and arrive to us.

21 minutes and 15.3695 seconds

The following chart shows the distance of Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) from Earth as a function of time. In the chart the distance data is measured in Astronomical Units and sampled with an interval of 1 day.

Distance of Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) from Earth between January 2013 and December 2100

The value of the reported distance might be somewhat inaccurate around the times of closest approach for objects passing extremely close to Earth. The value of the distance of C/2019 J2 (Palomar) from Earth is also available as a real time updated value in the Live Position and Data Tracker.

Closest approach of Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) to Earth

Between January 2013 and December 2100 the closest approach of Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) to Earth happens on Sun Jul 14 2019 at a distance of 1.75644689 Astronomical Units, or 262,760,715 kilometers:

Sun Jul 14 2019

NOTE: values for the closest approach are computed with a sampling interval of 1 day.

Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) brightness

The current visual magnitude of Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) is 22.09.


The observed magnitude and coma diameter values are derived from the Comet Observers Database by averaging the values reported in recent observations (more recent than 4 days), when available. The Estimated Magnitude comes from the JPL Horizons ephemerides service and might be inaccurate given the highly dynamic and unpredictable behavior of comets. When available, please refer to the Observed Magnitude value and consider the Estimated Magnitude as a directional indication. We acknowledge with thanks the comet observations from the COBS Comet Observation Database contributed by observers worldwide and used in this table to report recent comet observations.

The following chart is the predicted light curve (visual magnitude as a function of time) of Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar), according to the most recent ephemerides data. Magnitude data is sampled with a 2 days interval and there might be inaccuracies for objects changing brightness very rapidly during the course of a few days. For comets there could be large discrepancies between the observed and predicted brightness because of their highly dynamic behaviour.

Predicted magnitude of Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) between January 2013 and December 2100

Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) rise and set times

Location: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]
Latitude: 51° 28’ 47” N
Longitude: 0° 00’ 00” E
Timezone: Europe/London

Today's Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) rise, transit and set times from Greenwich, United Kingdom [change] are the following (all times relative to the local timezone Europe/London):

Azimuth: 112.7°
Max altitude: 15.9°
Azimuth: 247.4°
Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) is below the horizon from Greenwich, United Kingdom

The rise and set times are defined as the time at which the upper limb of Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) touches the horizon, considering the effect of the atmospheric refraction. As the atmospheric conditions cannot be modeled precisely the times reported here should be considered correct with an approximation of few minutes.

Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) Orbital Elements

The following table lists the orbital elements of Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) at epoch 09 June 2019 00:00 UTC (JD: 2458644.5). Source: JPL Small-Body Database

Element Symbol Value
Orbit eccentricity e 0.99710418
Orbit inclination i 105.13838624°
Perihelion distance q 1.72686358 AU
258,335,115 km
Aphelion distance Q 1,190.93174277 AU
178,160,853,224 km
Semi-major axis a 596.32930317 AU
89,209,594,170 km
Orbital period period 14,562.5500 years
5,318,971.3742 days
Date of perihelion transit Tp 2019-Jul-19 17:24:49
2,458,684.2256 JD
Next perihelion transit 16582-May-25 02:23
7,777,655.5998 JD
Argument of perihelion peri 98.703373952647°
Longitude of the ascending node node 25.470984166252°
Mean anomaly M 359.99731128379°
Mean motion n 0.00006768°/day

Visualization of Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) Orbit

This 3d orbit diagram is a feature of our 3D Solar System Simulator and shows the orbit of Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) with respect of the Sun and the orbits of the major planets. The position of Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) and the planets along their orbits in this diagram accurately represents the current configuration of the objects in the Solar System. This is an experimental feature and it requires a WebGL enabled browser. Please provide us feedback!

Orbit Diagram of Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar)
View Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) in the 3D Solar System Simulator

Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) 15 Days Ephemeris

The following table lists the ephemerides of Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) computed for the past and next 7 days, with a 24 hours interval. Click on each row of the table to locate Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) in our Online Planetarium at the chosen date.

Date Right AscensionR.A. DeclinationDec. MagnitudeMag Constellation
2020 Mar 22 13h 42m 16s -22° 16’ 10” 21.95 Virgo
2020 Mar 23 13h 40m 14s -22° 19’ 56” 21.97 Virgo
2020 Mar 24 13h 38m 11s -22° 23’ 30” 21.98 Virgo
2020 Mar 25 13h 36m 06s -22° 26’ 48” 22.00 Virgo
2020 Mar 26 13h 34m 03s -22° 29’ 53” 22.02 Virgo
2020 Mar 27 13h 31m 59s -22° 32’ 44” 22.04 Virgo
2020 Mar 28 13h 29m 53s -22° 35’ 20” 22.06 Virgo
2020 Mar 29 13h 27m 47s -22° 37’ 42” 22.08 Virgo
2020 Mar 30 13h 25m 42s -22° 39’ 51” 22.10 Hydra
2020 Mar 31 13h 23m 38s -22° 41’ 47” 22.12 Hydra
2020 Apr 01 13h 21m 32s -22° 43’ 27” 22.14 Hydra
2020 Apr 02 13h 19m 27s -22° 44’ 56” 22.16 Hydra
2020 Apr 03 13h 17m 21s -22° 46’ 09” 22.19 Hydra
2020 Apr 04 13h 15m 16s -22° 47’ 11” 22.21 Hydra