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🌎 Location: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]

Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar)

Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) is currently in the constellation of Centaurus. The current Right Ascension of Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) is 12h 30m 11s and the Declination is -42° 10’ 07” (topocentric coordinates computed for the selected location: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]). The current estimated magnitude of Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) is 22.13 (JPL).

Summary of key facts about Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) [tip: you can also create a Quick Access page for this data if you access it frequently and would like to have a simpler view]:

12h 30m 11s
-42° 10’ 07”

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Additional information about Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) available on TheSkyLive:

Available Resources

Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) Position and Finder Charts

Below we provide Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) finder charts showing where the object is right now in the sky with respect to the brightest stars. The first finder chart has a field of view of 50 degrees, while the second one has a field of view of 10 degrees. Click on each finder chart to access a full screen interactive Online Planetarium.

Map showing Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) in Centaurus on January, 28 2021
Field of view: 50x30 degrees
View fullscreen
Map showing Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) in Centaurus on January, 28 2021
Field of view: 10x6 degrees
View fullscreen
 = visible to the naked eye
 = binocular, brighter than 10th magnitude
= current altitude ≥ 30°   = current altitude < 30°   = below the horizon
Location: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]

Higher precision deep sky finder chart, 60 arcmin wide, showing where Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) is right now. Click on the image to see a more detailed fullscreen tracker view.

C/2019 J2 (Palomar)
RA: 12h 30m 11s
Dec: -42° 10’ 07”
Deep sky finder chart for Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar)
Field of view: 60x40 arcmins
View fullscreen

Also check out Where is Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar)?, a page that provides all the information needed to find Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) in the sky and additional links to sky charts.

Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) Distance from Earth

The distance of Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) from Earth is currently 887,370,905 kilometers, equivalent to 5.931708 Astronomical Units. Light takes 49 minutes and 19.9507 seconds to travel from Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) and arrive to us.

49 minutes and 19.9507 seconds

The following chart shows the distance of Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) from Earth as a function of time. In the chart the distance data is measured in Astronomical Units and sampled with an interval of 1 day.

Distance of Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) from Earth between January 2013 and December 2100

The value of the reported distance might be somewhat inaccurate around the times of closest approach for objects passing extremely close to Earth. The value of the distance of C/2019 J2 (Palomar) from Earth is also available as a real time updated value in the Live Position and Data Tracker.

Closest approach of Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) to Earth

Between January 2013 and December 2100, the closest approach of Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) to Earth happens on Sun Jul 14 2019 at a distance of 1.756452 Astronomical Units, or 262,761,548 kilometers:

Sun Jul 14 2019

NOTE: values for the closest approach are computed with a sampling interval of 1 day.

Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) brightness

The current visual magnitude of Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) is 22.13.


The observed magnitude and coma diameter values are derived from the Comet Observers Database by averaging the values reported in recent observations (more recent than 4 days), when available. The Estimated Magnitude comes from the JPL Horizons ephemerides service and might be inaccurate given the highly dynamic and unpredictable behavior of comets. When available, please refer to the Observed Magnitude value and consider the Estimated Magnitude as a directional indication. We acknowledge with thanks the comet observations from the COBS Comet Observation Database contributed by observers worldwide and used in this table to report recent comet observations.

The following chart is the predicted light curve (visual magnitude as a function of time) of Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar), according to the most recent ephemerides data. Magnitude data is sampled with a 2 days interval and there might be inaccuracies for objects changing brightness very rapidly during the course of a few days. For comets there could be large discrepancies between the observed and predicted brightness because of their highly dynamic behaviour.

Predicted magnitude of Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) between January 2013 and December 2100

Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) rise and set times

Location: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]
Latitude: 51° 28’ 47” N
Longitude: 0° 00’ 00” E
Timezone: Europe/London

Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) is currently not visible from Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]

The rise and set times are defined as the time at which the upper limb of Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) touches the horizon, considering the effect of the atmospheric refraction. As the atmospheric conditions cannot be modeled precisely the times reported here should be considered correct with an approximation of few minutes.

Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) Orbital Elements

The following table lists the orbital elements of Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) at epoch 09 June 2019 00:00 UTC (JD: 2458644.5). Source: JPL Small-Body Database

Element Symbol Value
Orbit eccentricity e 0.99714139
Orbit inclination i 105.13827455°
Perihelion distance q 1.72686798 AU
258,335,773 km
Aphelion distance Q 1,206.45982921 AU
180,483,821,896 km
Semi-major axis a 604.09334859 AU
90,371,078,835 km
Orbital period period 14,847.8700 years
5,423,186.0999 days
Date of perihelion transit Tp 2019-Jul-19 17:24:34
2,458,684.2254 JD
Next perihelion transit 16867-Sep-22 19:48
7,881,870.3253 JD
Argument of perihelion peri 98.703295553167°
Longitude of the ascending node node 25.47090881791°
Mean anomaly M 359.99736296295°
Mean motion n 0.00006638°/day

Visualization of Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) Orbit

This 3d orbit diagram is a feature of our 3D Solar System Simulator and shows the orbit of Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) with respect of the Sun and the orbits of the major planets. The position of Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) and the planets along their orbits in this diagram accurately represents the current configuration of the objects in the Solar System. This is an experimental feature and it requires a WebGL enabled browser. Please provide us feedback!

Orbit Diagram of Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar)
View Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) in the 3D Solar System Simulator

Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) 15 Days Ephemeris

The following table lists the ephemerides of Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) computed for the past and next 7 days, with a 24 hours interval. Click on each row of the table to locate Comet C/2019 J2 (Palomar) in our Online Planetarium at the chosen date.

Date Right AscensionR.A. DeclinationDec. MagnitudeMag Constellation
2021 Jan 21 12h 34m 26s -41° 25’ 33” 22.12 Centaurus
2021 Jan 22 12h 33m 53s -41° 32’ 00” 22.12 Centaurus
2021 Jan 23 12h 33m 20s -41° 38’ 22” 22.12 Centaurus
2021 Jan 24 12h 32m 47s -41° 44’ 39” 22.12 Centaurus
2021 Jan 25 12h 32m 11s -41° 50’ 49” 22.12 Centaurus
2021 Jan 26 12h 31m 35s -41° 56’ 54” 22.12 Centaurus
2021 Jan 27 12h 30m 57s -42° 02’ 53” 22.13 Centaurus
2021 Jan 28 12h 30m 20s -42° 08’ 47” 22.13 Centaurus
2021 Jan 29 12h 29m 40s -42° 14’ 32” 22.13 Centaurus
2021 Jan 30 12h 29m 02s -42° 20’ 13” 22.13 Centaurus
2021 Jan 31 12h 28m 21s -42° 25’ 47” 22.13 Centaurus
2021 Feb 01 12h 27m 38s -42° 31’ 14” 22.13 Centaurus
2021 Feb 02 12h 26m 56s -42° 36’ 35” 22.13 Centaurus
2021 Feb 03 12h 26m 12s -42° 41’ 49” 22.13 Centaurus