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Comet C/2021 A2

Comet C/2021 A2 is currently in the constellation of Camelopardalis. The current Right Ascension of Comet C/2021 A2 is 05h 34m 51s and the Declination is +57° 50’ 48” (topocentric coordinates computed for the selected location: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]). The current estimated magnitude of Comet C/2021 A2 is 18.82 (JPL).

Summary of key facts about Comet C/2021 A2 [tip: you can also create a Quick Access page for this data if you access it frequently and would like to have a simpler view]:

05h 34m 51s
+57° 50’ 48”
  • C/2021 A2 is above the horizon from Greenwich, United Kingdom [change].
  • It is visible looking in the West-North-West direction at an altitude of 73° above the horizon.
  • Given its current magnitude, C/2021 A2 is visible only through long exposure photography.
  • See also C/2021 A2 rise and set times.
  • Go to interactive sky chart

If you need to access this information frequently for your observations, you can create a simple customized Quick Access page, so that you can easily bookmark it in your browser favorites or add a shortcut to your mobile phones' home screen.

Additional information about Comet C/2021 A2 available on TheSkyLive:

Available Resources

Comet C/2021 A2 Position and Finder Charts

Below we provide Comet C/2021 A2 finder charts showing where the object is right now in the sky with respect to the brightest stars. The first finder chart has a field of view of 50 degrees, while the second one has a field of view of 10 degrees. Click on each finder chart to access a full screen interactive Online Planetarium.

Map showing Comet C/2021 A2 in Camelopardalis on May, 16 2021
Field of view: 50x30 degrees
View fullscreen
Map showing Comet C/2021 A2 in Camelopardalis on May, 16 2021
Field of view: 10x6 degrees
View fullscreen
 = visible to the naked eye
 = binocular, brighter than 10th magnitude
= current altitude ≥ 30°   = current altitude < 30°   = below the horizon
Location: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]

Higher precision deep sky finder chart, 60 arcmin wide, showing where Comet C/2021 A2 is right now. Click on the image to see a more detailed fullscreen tracker view.

C/2021 A2
RA: 05h 34m 51s
Dec: +57° 50’ 48”
Deep sky finder chart for Comet C/2021 A2
Field of view: 60x40 arcmins
View fullscreen

Also check out Where is Comet C/2021 A2?, a page that provides all the information needed to find Comet C/2021 A2 in the sky and additional links to sky charts.

Comet C/2021 A2 Distance from Earth

The distance of Comet C/2021 A2 from Earth is currently 406,078,862 kilometers, equivalent to 2.714470 Astronomical Units. Light takes 22 minutes and 34.5333 seconds to travel from Comet C/2021 A2 and arrive to us.

22 minutes and 34.5333 seconds

The following chart shows the distance of Comet C/2021 A2 from Earth as a function of time. In the chart the distance data is measured in Astronomical Units and sampled with an interval of 1 day.

Distance of Comet C/2021 A2 from Earth between January 2013 and December 2100

The value of the reported distance might be somewhat inaccurate around the times of closest approach for objects passing extremely close to Earth. The value of the distance of C/2021 A2 from Earth is also available as a real time updated value in the Live Position and Data Tracker.

Closest approach of Comet C/2021 A2 to Earth

Between January 2013 and December 2100, the closest approach of Comet C/2021 A2 to Earth happens on Wed Feb 3 2021 at a distance of 0.506732 Astronomical Units, or 75,805,979 kilometers:

Wed Feb 3 2021

NOTE: values for the closest approach are computed with a sampling interval of 1 day.

Comet C/2021 A2 brightness

The current visual magnitude of Comet C/2021 A2 is 18.82.


The observed magnitude and coma diameter values are derived from the Comet Observers Database by averaging the values reported in recent observations (more recent than 4 days), when available. The Estimated Magnitude comes from the JPL Horizons ephemerides service and might be inaccurate given the highly dynamic and unpredictable behavior of comets. When available, please refer to the Observed Magnitude value and consider the Estimated Magnitude as a directional indication. We acknowledge with thanks the comet observations from the COBS Comet Observation Database contributed by observers worldwide and used in this table to report recent comet observations.

The following chart is the predicted light curve (visual magnitude as a function of time) of Comet C/2021 A2, according to the most recent ephemerides data. Magnitude data is sampled with a 2 days interval and there might be inaccuracies for objects changing brightness very rapidly during the course of a few days. For comets there could be large discrepancies between the observed and predicted brightness because of their highly dynamic behaviour.

Predicted magnitude of Comet C/2021 A2 between January 2013 and December 2100

Comet C/2021 A2 rise and set times

Location: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]
Latitude: 51° 28’ 47” N
Longitude: 0° 00’ 00” E
Timezone: Europe/London

Comet C/2021 A2 is circumpolar and transits at 13:56 UTC (altitude: 83.6°)

The rise and set times are defined as the time at which the upper limb of Comet C/2021 A2 touches the horizon, considering the effect of the atmospheric refraction. As the atmospheric conditions cannot be modeled precisely the times reported here should be considered correct with an approximation of few minutes.

Comet C/2021 A2 Orbital Elements

The following table lists the orbital elements of Comet C/2021 A2 at epoch 14 February 2021 00:00 UTC (JD: 2459260.5). Source: JPL Small-Body Database

Element Symbol Value
Orbit eccentricity e 0.99450755
Orbit inclination i 106.97823887°
Perihelion distance q 1.41297374 AU
211,377,863 km
Aphelion distance Q 513.10154325 AU
76,758,898,477 km
Semi-major axis a 257.25725849 AU
38,485,138,170 km
Orbital period period 4,126.2900 years
1,507,127.1125 days
Date of perihelion transit Tp 2021-Jan-22 15:13:00
2,459,237.1340 JD
Next perihelion transit 6147-Jun-08 17:54
3,966,364.2465 JD
Argument of perihelion peri 338.84899889271°
Longitude of the ascending node node 125.23830335914°
Mean anomaly M 0.0055813129452266°
Mean motion n 0.00023887°/day

Visualization of Comet C/2021 A2 Orbit

This 3d orbit diagram is a feature of our 3D Solar System Simulator and shows the orbit of Comet C/2021 A2 with respect of the Sun and the orbits of the major planets. The position of Comet C/2021 A2 and the planets along their orbits in this diagram accurately represents the current configuration of the objects in the Solar System. This is an experimental feature and it requires a WebGL enabled browser. Please provide us feedback!

Comet C/2021 A2 15 Days Ephemeris

The following table lists the ephemerides of Comet C/2021 A2 computed for the past and next 7 days, with a 24 hours interval. Click on each row of the table to locate Comet C/2021 A2 in our Online Planetarium at the chosen date.

Date Right AscensionR.A. DeclinationDec. MagnitudeMag Constellation
2021 May 09 05h 25m 45s +56° 29’ 53” 18.63 Camelopardalis
2021 May 10 05h 26m 53s +56° 40’ 28” 18.65 Camelopardalis
2021 May 11 05h 28m 00s +56° 51’ 03” 18.68 Camelopardalis
2021 May 12 05h 29m 11s +57° 01’ 37” 18.71 Camelopardalis
2021 May 13 05h 30m 21s +57° 12’ 11” 18.73 Camelopardalis
2021 May 14 05h 31m 33s +57° 22’ 45” 18.76 Camelopardalis
2021 May 15 05h 32m 47s +57° 33’ 19” 18.78 Camelopardalis
2021 May 16 05h 34m 01s +57° 43’ 51” 18.81 Camelopardalis
2021 May 17 05h 35m 17s +57° 54’ 24” 18.83 Camelopardalis
2021 May 18 05h 36m 33s +58° 04’ 57” 18.86 Camelopardalis
2021 May 19 05h 37m 50s +58° 15’ 29” 18.88 Camelopardalis
2021 May 20 05h 39m 07s +58° 26’ 03” 18.90 Camelopardalis
2021 May 21 05h 40m 27s +58° 36’ 37” 18.93 Camelopardalis
2021 May 22 05h 41m 48s +58° 47’ 11” 18.95 Camelopardalis