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Comet 21P/Giacobini-Zinner

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Comet 21P/Giacobini-Zinner Position

Comet 21P/Giacobini-Zinner is currently in the constellation of Crater. The current Right Ascension is 11h 03m 57s and the Declination is -16° 21’ 33”.

11h 03m 57s
-16° 21’ 33”

Simplified sky chart showing where Comet 21P/Giacobini-Zinner is right now in the sky with respect to the brightest stars and constellations (see fuillscreen Online Planetarium)

Map showing Comet 21P/Giacobini-Zinner in Crater on December, 15 2019
Field of view: 60x30 degrees
View fullscreen
 = visible to the naked eye
 = binocular, brighter than 10th magnitude
= current altitude ≥ 30°   = current altitude < 30°   = below the horizon
Location: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]

Hihgher precision deep sky finder chart showing where Comet 21P/Giacobini-Zinner is right now (view fullscreen)

RA: 11h 03m 57s
Dec: -16° 21’ 33”
Deep sky finder chart for Comet 21P/Giacobini-Zinner
Field of view: 60x40 arcmins
View fullscreen

Also check out Where is Comet 21P/Giacobini-Zinner?, a page that provides all the information needed to find Comet 21P/Giacobini-Zinner in the sky and additional links to sky charts.

Comet 21P/Giacobini-Zinner Distance

The distance of Comet 21P/Giacobini-Zinner from Earth is currently 624,842,910 kilometers, equivalent to 4.176817 Astronomical Units. Light takes 34 minutes and 44.2516 seconds to travel from Comet 21P/Giacobini-Zinner and arrive to us.

34 minutes and 44.2516 seconds

The following chart shows the distance of Comet 21P/Giacobini-Zinner from Earth as a function of time. In the chart the distance data is measured in Astronomical Units and sampled with an interval of 1 day.

Distance of Comet 21P/Giacobini-Zinner from Earth between January 2013 and December 2100

The value of the reported distance might be somewhat inaccurate around the times of closest approach for objects passing extremely close to Earth. The value of the distance of 21P/Giacobini-Zinner from Earth is also available as a real time updated value in the Live Position and Data Tracker.

Closest approach of Comet 21P/Giacobini-Zinner to Earth

Between January 2013 and December 2100 the closest approach of Comet 21P/Giacobini-Zinner to Earth happens on Tue Sep 17 2058 at a distance of 0.39032355 Astronomical Units, or 58,391,572 kilometers:

Tue Sep 17 2058

NOTE: values for the closest approach are computed with a sampling interval of 1 day.

Comet 21P/Giacobini-Zinner brightness

The current visual magnitude of Comet 21P/Giacobini-Zinner is 21.88.


The observed magnitude and coma diameter values are derived from the Comet Observers Database by averaging the values reported in recent observations (more recent than 4 days), when available. The Estimated Magnitude comes from the JPL Horizons ephemerides service and might be inaccurate given the highly dynamic and unpredictable behvior of comets. When available, please refer to the Observed Magnitude value and consider the Estimated Magnitude as a directional indication. We acknowledge with thanks the comet observations from the COBS Comet Observation Database contributed by observers worldwide and used in this table to report recent comet observations.

The following chart is the predicted light curve (visual magnitude as a function of time) of Comet 21P/Giacobini-Zinner, according to the most recent ephemerides data. Magnitude data is sampled with a 2 days interval and there might be inaccuracies for objects changing brightness very rapidly during the course of a few days. For comets there could be large discrepancies between the observed and predicted brightness because of their highly dynamic behaviour.

Predicted magnitude of Comet 21P/Giacobini-Zinner between January 2013 and December 2100

Comet 21P/Giacobini-Zinner rise and set times

Location: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]
Latitude: 51° 28’ 47” N
Longitude: 0° 00’ 00” E
Timezone: Europe/London

Today's Comet 21P/Giacobini-Zinner rise, transit and set times from Greenwich, United Kingdom [change] are the following (all times relative to the local timezone Europe/London):

Azimuth: 106.4°
Max altitude: 22.1°
Azimuth: 253.6°
Comet 21P/Giacobini-Zinner is below the horizon from Greenwich, United Kingdom

The rise and set times are defined as the time at which the upper limb of Comet 21P/Giacobini-Zinner touches the horizon, consideting the effect of the atmospheric refraction. As the atmoshpere conditions cannot be modeled precisely the times reported here should be considered correct with an approximation of few minutes.

Comet 21P/Giacobini-Zinner Orbital Elements

The following table lists the orbital elements of Comet 21P/Giacobini-Zinner at epoch 08 August 2018 00:00 UTC (JD: 2458339.5). Source: JPL Small-Body Database

Element Symbol Value
Orbit eccentricity e 0.71046355
Orbit inclination i 31.99782626°
Perihelion distance q 1.01282554 AU
151,516,544 km
Aphelion distance Q 5.98336123 AU
895,098,101 km
Semi-major axis a 3.49809338 AU
523,307,323 km
Orbital period period 6.5400 years
2,389.7118 days
Date of perihelion transit Tp 2018-Sep-10 06:39:39
2,458,371.7775 JD
Next perihelion transit 2025-Mar-26 23:44
2,460,761.4893 JD
Argument of perihelion peri 172.86055325826°
Longitude of the ascending node node 195.39198746422°
Mean anomaly M 355.13752392339°
Mean motion n 0.15064578°/day

Visualization of Comet 21P/Giacobini-Zinner Orbit

This 3d orbit diagram is a feature of our 3D Solar System Simulator and shows the orbit of Comet 21P/Giacobini-Zinner with respect of the Sun and the orbits of the major planets. The position of Comet 21P/Giacobini-Zinner and the planets along their orbits in this diagram accurately represents the current configuration of the objects in the Solar System. This is an experimental feature and it requires a WebGL enabled browser. Please provide us feedback!

Orbit Diagram of Comet 21P/Giacobini-Zinner
View Comet 21P/Giacobini-Zinner in the 3D Solar System Simulator

Comet 21P/Giacobini-Zinner 15 Days Ephemeris

The following table lists the ephemerides of Comet 21P/Giacobini-Zinner computed for the past and next 7 days, with a 24 hours interval. Click on each row of the table to locate Comet 21P/Giacobini-Zinner in our Online Planetarium at the chosen date.

Date Right AscensionR.A. DeclinationDec. MagnitudeMag Constellation
2019 Dec 08 11h 02m 49s -15° 52’ 57” 21.88 Crater
2019 Dec 09 11h 03m 02s -15° 57’ 15” 21.88 Crater
2019 Dec 10 11h 03m 12s -16° 01’ 27” 21.88 Crater
2019 Dec 11 11h 03m 24s -16° 05’ 38” 21.88 Crater
2019 Dec 12 11h 03m 33s -16° 09’ 42” 21.88 Crater
2019 Dec 13 11h 03m 42s -16° 13’ 42” 21.88 Crater
2019 Dec 14 11h 03m 50s -16° 17’ 39” 21.88 Crater
2019 Dec 15 11h 03m 56s -16° 21’ 29” 21.88 Crater
2019 Dec 16 11h 04m 01s -16° 25’ 15” 21.88 Crater
2019 Dec 17 11h 04m 06s -16° 28’ 57” 21.88 Crater
2019 Dec 18 11h 04m 10s -16° 32’ 33” 21.88 Crater
2019 Dec 19 11h 04m 14s -16° 36’ 03” 21.87 Crater
2019 Dec 20 11h 04m 17s -16° 39’ 29” 21.87 Crater
2019 Dec 21 11h 04m 18s -16° 42’ 50” 21.87 Crater