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Comet Encke (2P/Encke)

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Comet Encke (2P/Encke) Position

Comet Encke (2P/Encke) is currently in the constellation of Pisces. The current Right Ascension is 23h 49m 48s and the Declination is +06° 13’ 17”.

23h 49m 48s
+06° 13’ 17”

Simplified sky chart showing where Comet Encke (2P/Encke) is right now in the sky with respect to the brightest stars and constellations (see fuillscreen Online Planetarium)

Map showing Comet Encke (2P/Encke) in Pisces on September, 15 2019
Field of view: 60x30 degrees
View fullscreen
 = visible to the naked eye
 = binocular, brighter than 10th magnitude
= current altitude ≥ 30°   = current altitude < 30°   = below the horizon
Location: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]

Hihgher precision deep sky finder chart showing where Comet Encke (2P/Encke) is right now (view fullscreen)

Encke's Comet
RA: 23h 49m 48s
Dec: +06° 13’ 17”
Deep sky finder chart for Comet Encke (2P/Encke)
Field of view: 60x40 arcmins
View fullscreen

Also check out Where is Comet Encke (2P/Encke)?, a page that provides all the information needed to find Comet Encke (2P/Encke) in the sky and additional links to sky charts.

Comet Encke (2P/Encke) Distance

The distance of Comet Encke (2P/Encke) from Earth is currently 343,271,740 kilometers, equivalent to 2.294630 Astronomical Units. Light takes 19 minutes and 5.0313 seconds to travel from Comet Encke (2P/Encke) and arrive to us.

19 minutes and 5.0313 seconds

The following chart shows the distance of Comet Encke (2P/Encke) from Earth as a function of time. In the chart the distance data is measured in Astronomical Units and sampled with an interval of 1 day.

Distance of Comet Encke (2P/Encke) from Earth between January 2013 and December 2100

The value of the reported distance might be somewhat inaccurate around the times of closest approach for objects passing extremely close to Earth. The value of the distance of Encke's Comet from Earth is also available as a real time updated value in the Live Position and Data Tracker.

Closest approach of Comet Encke (2P/Encke) to Earth

Between January 2013 and December 2100 the closest approach of Comet Encke (2P/Encke) to Earth happens on Sat Jul 7 2063 at a distance of 0.19392812 Astronomical Units, or 29,011,234 kilometers:

Sat Jul 7 2063

NOTE: values for the closest approach are computed with a sampling interval of 1 day.

Comet Encke (2P/Encke) brightness

The current visual magnitude of Comet Encke (2P/Encke) is 18.90.


The observed magnitude and coma diameter values are derived from the Comet Observers Database by averaging the values reported in recent observations (more recent than 4 days), when available. The Estimated Magnitude comes from the JPL Horizons ephemerides service and might be inaccurate given the highly dynamic and unpredictable behvior of comets. When available, please refer to the Observed Magnitude value and consider the Estimated Magnitude as a directional indication. We acknowledge with thanks the comet observations from the COBS Comet Observation Database contributed by observers worldwide and used in this table to report recent comet observations.

The following chart is the predicted light curve (visual magnitude as a function of time) of Comet Encke (2P/Encke), according to the most recent ephemerides data. Magnitude data is sampled with a 2 days interval and there might be inaccuracies for objects changing brightness very rapidly during the course of a few days. For comets there could be large discrepancies between the observed and predicted brightness because of their highly dynamic behaviour.

Predicted magnitude of Comet Encke (2P/Encke) between January 2013 and December 2100

Comet Encke (2P/Encke) rise and set times

Location: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]
Latitude: 51° 28’ 47” N
Longitude: 0° 00’ 00” E
Timezone: Europe/London

Today's Comet Encke (2P/Encke) rise, transit and set times from Greenwich, United Kingdom [change] are the following (all times relative to the local timezone Europe/London):

Azimuth: 83.8°
Max altitude: 44.8°
Azimuth: 276.2°
Comet Encke (2P/Encke) is below the horizon from Greenwich, United Kingdom

The rise and set times are defined as the time at which the upper limb of Comet Encke (2P/Encke) touches the horizon, consideting the effect of the atmospheric refraction. As the atmoshpere conditions cannot be modeled precisely the times reported here should be considered correct with an approximation of few minutes.

Comet Encke (2P/Encke) Orbital Elements

The following table lists the orbital elements of Comet Encke (2P/Encke) at epoch 16 March 2015 00:00 UTC (JD: 2457098.5). Source: JPL Small-Body Database

Element Symbol Value
Orbit eccentricity e 0.84832544
Orbit inclination i 11.78183720°
Perihelion distance q 0.33597958 AU
50,261,830 km
Aphelion distance Q 4.09428983 AU
612,497,041 km
Semi-major axis a 2.21513470 AU
331,379,436 km
Orbital period period 3.3000 years
1,204.2000 days
Date of perihelion transit Tp 2013-Nov-21 18:07:48
2,456,618.2554 JD
Next perihelion transit 2017-Mar-09 22:55
2,457,822.4555 JD
Argument of perihelion peri 186.54371590935°
Longitude of the ascending node node 334.56783936626°
Mean anomaly M 143.57086834417°
Mean motion n 0.29895365°/day

Visualization of Comet Encke (2P/Encke) Orbit

This 3d orbit diagram is a feature of our 3D Solar System Simulator and shows the orbit of Comet Encke (2P/Encke) with respect of the Sun and the orbits of the major planets. The position of Comet Encke (2P/Encke) and the planets along their orbits in this diagram accurately represents the current configuration of the objects in the Solar System. This is an experimental feature and it requires a WebGL enabled browser. Please provide us feedback!

Orbit Diagram of Comet Encke (2P/Encke)
View Comet Encke (2P/Encke) in the 3D Solar System Simulator

Comet Encke (2P/Encke) 15 Days Ephemeris

The following table lists the ephemerides of Comet Encke (2P/Encke) computed for the past and next 7 days, with a 24 hours interval. Click on each row of the table to locate Comet Encke (2P/Encke) in our Online Planetarium at the chosen date.

Date Right AscensionR.A. DeclinationDec. MagnitudeMag Constellation
2019 Sep 08 23h 58m 41s +06° 54’ 50” 19.13 Pisces
2019 Sep 09 23h 57m 33s +06° 49’ 46” 19.10 Pisces
2019 Sep 10 23h 56m 25s +06° 44’ 35” 19.07 Pisces
2019 Sep 11 23h 55m 15s +06° 39’ 15” 19.04 Pisces
2019 Sep 12 23h 54m 05s +06° 33’ 47” 19.01 Pisces
2019 Sep 13 23h 52m 54s +06° 28’ 11” 18.98 Pisces
2019 Sep 14 23h 51m 42s +06° 22’ 28” 18.95 Pisces
2019 Sep 15 23h 50m 30s +06° 16’ 38” 18.92 Pisces
2019 Sep 16 23h 49m 17s +06° 10’ 41” 18.89 Pisces
2019 Sep 17 23h 48m 03s +06° 04’ 36” 18.87 Pisces
2019 Sep 18 23h 46m 50s +05° 58’ 26” 18.84 Pisces
2019 Sep 19 23h 45m 36s +05° 52’ 08” 18.82 Pisces
2019 Sep 20 23h 44m 21s +05° 45’ 45” 18.80 Pisces
2019 Sep 21 23h 43m 05s +05° 39’ 15” 18.78 Pisces