Simplified sky chart showing where Mars is right now in the sky with respect to the brightest stars and constellations (see fuillscreen Online Planetarium)
Hihgher precision deep sky finder chart showing where Mars is right now (view fullscreen)
Also check out Where is Mars?, a page that provides all the information needed to find Mars in the sky and additional links to sky charts.
The following chart shows the distance of Mars from Earth as a function of time. In the chart the distance data is measured in Astronomical Units and sampled with an interval of 1 day.
The value of the reported distance might be somewhat inaccurate around the times of closest approach for objects passing extremely close to Earth. The value of the distance of Mars from Earth is also available as a real time updated value in the Live Position and Data Tracker.
Closest approach of Mars to Earth
Between January 2013 and December 2100 the closest approach of Mars to Earth happens on Mon Aug 31 2082 at a distance of 0.37356580 Astronomical Units, or 55,884,648 kilometers:
NOTE: values for the closest approach are computed with a sampling interval of 1 day.
The following chart is the predicted light curve (visual magnitude as a function of time) of Mars, according to the most recent ephemerides data. Magnitude data is sampled with a 2 days interval and there might be inaccuracies for objects changing brightness very rapidly during the course of a few days. For comets there could be large discrepancies between the observed and predicted brightness because of their highly dynamic behaviour.
Mars rise and set times
The rise and set times are defined as the time at which the upper limb of Mars touches the horizon, consideting the effect of the atmospheric refraction. As the atmoshpere conditions cannot be modeled precisely the times reported here should be considered correct with an approximation of few minutes.
Mars Physical Data
The following shows the known values of the most important physical parameters of Mars. Source: JPL Small-Body Database
|Physical Parameter||Value||Relative to Earth|
|Mass||0.641693 x 1024 kg||0.1074|
|Escape Velocity||5.03 km/s||0.4495|
|Sideral Rotation||24.6230 hours||1.0288|
Mars 15 Days Ephemeris
The following table lists the ephemerides of Mars computed for the past and next 7 days, with a 24 hours interval. Click on each row of the table to locate Mars in our Online Planetarium at the chosen date.
|Date||Right AscensionR.A.||DeclinationDec.||MagnitudeMag||Apparent DiameterDiameter||Constellation|
|2019 Oct 08||12h 09m 33s||+00° 00’ 02”||1.78||3.6”||Virgo|
|2019 Oct 09||12h 11m 54s||-00° 15’ 33”||1.78||3.6”||Virgo|
|2019 Oct 10||12h 14m 16s||-00° 31’ 10”||1.79||3.6”||Virgo|
|2019 Oct 11||12h 16m 37s||-00° 46’ 47”||1.79||3.6”||Virgo|
|2019 Oct 12||12h 19m 00s||-01° 02’ 25”||1.79||3.6”||Virgo|
|2019 Oct 13||12h 21m 21s||-01° 18’ 01”||1.79||3.6”||Virgo|
|2019 Oct 14||12h 23m 43s||-01° 33’ 37”||1.79||3.6”||Virgo|
|2019 Oct 15||12h 26m 04s||-01° 49’ 13”||1.79||3.6”||Virgo|
|2019 Oct 16||12h 28m 27s||-02° 04’ 48”||1.79||3.6”||Virgo|
|2019 Oct 17||12h 30m 50s||-02° 20’ 22”||1.79||3.6”||Virgo|
|2019 Oct 18||12h 33m 11s||-02° 35’ 57”||1.79||3.6”||Virgo|
|2019 Oct 19||12h 35m 35s||-02° 51’ 29”||1.79||3.6”||Virgo|
|2019 Oct 20||12h 37m 57s||-03° 07’ 01”||1.79||3.6”||Virgo|
|2019 Oct 21||12h 40m 19s||-03° 22’ 32”||1.78||3.6”||Virgo|