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Mars

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Mars Position

Mars is currently in the constellation of Ophiucus. The current Right Ascension is 16h 44m 18s and the Declination is -22° 09’ 57”.

16h 44m 18s
-22° 09’ 57”

Simplified sky chart showing where Mars is right now in the sky with respect to the brightest stars and constellations (see full screen Online Planetarium)

Map showing Mars in Ophiucus on January, 22 2020
Field of view: 60x30 degrees
View fullscreen
 = visible to the naked eye
 = binocular, brighter than 10th magnitude
= current altitude ≥ 30°   = current altitude < 30°   = below the horizon
Location: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]

Higher precision deep sky finder chart showing where Mars is right now (view fullscreen)

Mars
RA: 16h 44m 18s
Dec: -22° 09’ 57”
Deep sky finder chart for Mars
Field of view: 60x40 arcmins
View fullscreen

Also check out Where is Mars?, a page that provides all the information needed to find Mars in the sky and additional links to sky charts.

Mars Distance

The distance of Mars from Earth is currently 302,861,998 kilometers, equivalent to 2.024507 Astronomical Units. Light takes 16 minutes and 50.2389 seconds to travel from Mars and arrive to us.

302,861,998
2.024507
16 minutes and 50.2389 seconds

The following chart shows the distance of Mars from Earth as a function of time. In the chart the distance data is measured in Astronomical Units and sampled with an interval of 1 day.

Distance of Mars from Earth between January 2013 and December 2100

The value of the reported distance might be somewhat inaccurate around the times of closest approach for objects passing extremely close to Earth. The value of the distance of Mars from Earth is also available as a real time updated value in the Live Position and Data Tracker.

Closest approach of Mars to Earth

Between January 2013 and December 2100 the closest approach of Mars to Earth happens on Mon Aug 31 2082 at a distance of 0.37356580 Astronomical Units, or 55,884,648 kilometers:

Mon Aug 31 2082
55,884,648
0.373566

NOTE: values for the closest approach are computed with a sampling interval of 1 day.

Mars brightness

The current visual magnitude of Mars is 1.44.

1.44
4.6”

The following chart is the predicted light curve (visual magnitude as a function of time) of Mars, according to the most recent ephemerides data. Magnitude data is sampled with a 2 days interval and there might be inaccuracies for objects changing brightness very rapidly during the course of a few days. For comets there could be large discrepancies between the observed and predicted brightness because of their highly dynamic behaviour.

Predicted magnitude of Mars between January 2013 and December 2100

Mars rise and set times

Location: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]
Latitude: 51° 28’ 47” N
Longitude: 0° 00’ 00” E
Timezone: Europe/London

Today's Mars rise, transit and set times from Greenwich, United Kingdom [change] are the following (all times relative to the local timezone Europe/London):

Azimuth: 112.2°
Max altitude: 16.3°
Azimuth: 247.8°
Mars is above the horizon from Greenwich, United Kingdom

The rise and set times are defined as the time at which the upper limb of Mars touches the horizon, considering the effect of the atmospheric refraction. As the atmospheric conditions cannot be modeled precisely the times reported here should be considered correct with an approximation of few minutes.

Mars Physical Data

The following shows the known values of the most important physical parameters of Mars. Source: JPL Small-Body Database

Physical Parameter Value Relative to Earth
Diameter 6779 km 0.5320
Mass 0.641693 x 1024 kg 0.1074
Density 3.934 gr/cm3 0.7135
Escape Velocity 5.03 km/s 0.4495
Sideral Rotation 24.6230 hours 1.0288
Absolute Magnitude -1.52
Geometric Albedo 0.15

Mars 15 Days Ephemeris

The following table lists the ephemerides of Mars computed for the past and next 7 days, with a 24 hours interval. Click on each row of the table to locate Mars in our Online Planetarium at the chosen date.

Date Right AscensionR.A. DeclinationDec. MagnitudeMag Apparent DiameterDiameter Constellation
2020 Jan 15 16h 23m 12s -21° 21’ 25” 1.49 4.5” Scorpius
2020 Jan 16 16h 26m 03s -21° 28’ 37” 1.48 4.5” Ophiucus
2020 Jan 17 16h 28m 57s -21° 35’ 39” 1.47 4.5” Ophiucus
2020 Jan 18 16h 31m 49s -21° 42’ 29” 1.47 4.5” Ophiucus
2020 Jan 19 16h 34m 41s -21° 49’ 09” 1.46 4.6” Ophiucus
2020 Jan 20 16h 37m 36s -21° 55’ 38” 1.45 4.6” Ophiucus
2020 Jan 21 16h 40m 28s -22° 01’ 56” 1.45 4.6” Ophiucus
2020 Jan 22 16h 43m 23s -22° 08’ 03” 1.44 4.6” Ophiucus
2020 Jan 23 16h 46m 18s -22° 13’ 59” 1.43 4.6” Ophiucus
2020 Jan 24 16h 49m 12s -22° 19’ 45” 1.43 4.6” Ophiucus
2020 Jan 25 16h 52m 06s -22° 25’ 18” 1.42 4.7” Ophiucus
2020 Jan 26 16h 55m 03s -22° 30’ 41” 1.41 4.7” Ophiucus
2020 Jan 27 16h 57m 57s -22° 35’ 52” 1.40 4.7” Ophiucus
2020 Jan 28 17h 00m 54s -22° 40’ 50” 1.40 4.7” Ophiucus