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Mars

Available Resources

Mars Sky Charts and Coordinates

This is a simplified sky chart, showing where Mars is now with respect to the brightest stars and constellations. More advanced sky charts are available on TheSkyLive for this object: 1) the Online Planetarium which is interactive and allows to select dates and additional objects to visualize; and 2) the Live Position and Data Tracker which provides the highest precision position data and features deep sky imagery from the Digitized Sky Survey.

Mars in Pisces on February, 23 2017
High Precision Live Sky Chart
01h 09m 34s
+07° 19’ 32”
1.26
 = visible to the naked eye
 = binocular, brighter than 10th magnitude
= current altitude ≥ 30°   = current altitude < 30°   = below the horizon
Location: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]

Mars Rise and Set Times

Today's Mars rise, transit and set times from Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]. All times are relative to the local timezone Europe/London.

Azimuth: 82.7°
Max altitude: 45.8°
Azimuth: 277.3°

Mars Ephemeris

The following table lists the ephemerides of Mars computed for the past and next 7 days, with a 24 hours interval. Click on each row of the table to locate Mars in our Online Planetarium at the chosen date.

Date MagnitudeMag Right AscensionR.A. DeclinationDec. Constellation
2017 Feb 16 1.22 00h 50m 38s +05° 15’ 42” Pisces
2017 Feb 17 1.22 00h 53m 20s +05° 33’ 35” Pisces
2017 Feb 18 1.23 00h 56m 03s +05° 51’ 25” Pisces
2017 Feb 19 1.24 00h 58m 45s +06° 09’ 11” Pisces
2017 Feb 20 1.24 01h 01m 27s +06° 26’ 53” Pisces
2017 Feb 21 1.25 01h 04m 09s +06° 44’ 30” Pisces
2017 Feb 22 1.26 01h 06m 52s +07° 02’ 03” Pisces
2017 Feb 23 1.26 01h 09m 34s +07° 19’ 32” Pisces
2017 Feb 24 1.27 01h 12m 18s +07° 36’ 55” Pisces
2017 Feb 25 1.28 01h 15m 01s +07° 54’ 12” Pisces
2017 Feb 26 1.28 01h 17m 44s +08° 11’ 26” Pisces
2017 Feb 27 1.29 01h 20m 26s +08° 28’ 35” Pisces
2017 Feb 28 1.29 01h 23m 09s +08° 45’ 37” Pisces
2017 Mar 01 1.30 01h 25m 54s +09° 02’ 34” Pisces

Distance of Mars from Earth

The following chart shows the distance of Mars from Earth as a function of time. Distance data is measured in Astronomical Units and sampled with a 2 days interval. The reported distances might be inaccurate around the times of closest approach for objects passing extremely close to Earth. The value of the distance of Mars is also available as a real time updated value in the Live Position and Data Tracker.

Distance of Mars from Earth between January 2013 and January 2030

Light Curve of Mars

The following chart is the predicted light curve (visual magnitude as a function of time) of Mars, according to the most recent ephemerides data. Magnitude data is sampled with a 2 days interval and there might be inaccuracies for objects changing brightness very rapidly during the course of a few days. For comets there could be large discrepancies between the observed and predicted brightness because of their highly dynamic behaviour.

Predicted magnitude of Mars between January 2013 and January 2030

Mars Physical Data

The following shows the known values of the most important physical parameters of Mars. Source: JPL Small-Body Database

Physical Parameter Value Relative to Earth
Diameter 6779 km 0.5320
Mass 0.641693 x 1024 kg 0.1074
Density 3.934 gr/cm3 0.7135
Escape Velocity 5.03 km/s 0.4495
Sideral Rotation 24.6230 hours 1.0288
Absolute Magnitude -1.52
Geometric Albedo 0.15