Your guide to the Solar System and the night sky
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🌎  Observing from: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]

Mercury

Mercury is currently in the constellation of Sagittarius. The current Right Ascension of Mercury is 19h 41m 24s and the Declination is -21° 35’ 06” (topocentric coordinates computed for the selected location: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]). The current magnitude of Mercury is -0.12 (JPL).

Summary of key facts about Mercury [tip: you can also create a Quick Access page for this data if you access it frequently and would like to have a simpler view]:

19h 41m 24s
-21° 35’ 06”
Sagittarius
-0.12

If you need to access this information frequently for your observations, you can create a simple customized Quick Access page, so that you can easily bookmark it in your browser favorites or add a shortcut to your mobile phones' home screen.

Additional information about Mercury available on TheSkyLive:

Available Resources

Mercury Position and Finder Charts

Below we provide Mercury finder charts showing where the object is right now in the sky with respect to the brightest stars. The first finder chart has a field of view of 50 degrees, while the second one has a field of view of 10 degrees. Click on each finder chart to access a full screen interactive Online Planetarium.

Map showing Mercury in Sagittarius on February, 06 2023
Field of view: 50x30 degrees
View fullscreen
Map showing Mercury in Sagittarius on February, 06 2023
Field of view: 10x6 degrees
View fullscreen
 = visible to the naked eye
 = binocular, brighter than 10th magnitude
= current altitude ≥ 30°   = current altitude < 30°   = below the horizon
Location: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]

Higher precision deep sky finder chart, 60 arcmin wide, showing where Mercury is right now. Click on the image to see a more detailed fullscreen tracker view.

Mercury
RA: 19h 41m 24s
Dec: -21° 35’ 06”
Deep sky finder chart for Mercury
Field of view: 60x40 arcmins
View fullscreen

Also check out Where is Mercury?, a page that provides all the information needed to find Mercury in the sky and additional links to sky charts.

Mercury Distance from Earth

The distance of Mercury from Earth is currently 167,462,653 kilometers, equivalent to 1.119419 Astronomical Units. Light takes 9 minutes and 18.5953 seconds to travel from Mercury and arrive to us.

167,462,653
1.119419
9 minutes and 18.5953 seconds

The following chart shows the distance of Mercury from Earth as a function of time. In the chart the distance data is measured in Astronomical Units and sampled with an interval of 1 day.

Distance of Mercury from Earth between January 2013 and December 2100

The value of the reported distance might be somewhat inaccurate around the times of closest approach for objects passing extremely close to Earth. The value of the distance of Mercury from Earth is also available as a real time updated value in the Live Position and Data Tracker.

Closest approach of Mercury to Earth

Between January 2013 and December 2100, the closest approach of Mercury to Earth happens on Sun May 31 2015 at a distance of 0.549036 Astronomical Units, or 82,134,610 kilometers:

Sun May 31 2015
82,134,610
0.549036

NOTE: values for the closest approach are computed with a sampling interval of 1 day.

Mercury brightness

The current visual magnitude of Mercury is -0.12.

-0.12
6.0”

The following chart is the predicted light curve (visual magnitude as a function of time) of Mercury, according to the most recent ephemerides data. Magnitude data is sampled with a 2 days interval and there might be inaccuracies for objects changing brightness very rapidly during the course of a few days. For comets there could be large discrepancies between the observed and predicted brightness because of their highly dynamic behaviour.

Predicted magnitude of Mercury between January 2013 and December 2100

Mercury rise and set times

Location: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]
Latitude: 51° 28’ 47” N
Longitude: 0° 00’ 00” E
Timezone: Europe/London

Today's Mercury rise, transit and set times from Greenwich, United Kingdom [change] are the following (all times relative to the local timezone Europe/London):

Azimuth: 111.6°
Max altitude: 16.9°
Azimuth: 248.4°

The rise and set times are defined as the time at which the upper limb of Mercury touches the horizon, considering the effect of the atmospheric refraction. As the atmospheric conditions cannot be modeled precisely the times reported here should be considered correct with an approximation of few minutes.

Mercury Physical Data

The following shows the known values of the most important physical parameters of Mercury. Source: JPL Small-Body Database

Physical Parameter Value Relative to Earth
Diameter 4879.4 km 0.3829
Mass 0.330104 x 1024 kg 0.0553
Density 5.427 gr/cm3 0.9843
Escape Velocity 4.25 km/s 0.3798
Sideral Rotation 1,407.5088 hours 58.8068
Absolute Magnitude -0.6
Geometric Albedo 0.106

Mercury 15 Days Ephemeris

The following table lists the ephemerides of Mercury computed for the past and next 7 days, with a 24 hours interval. Click on each row of the table to locate Mercury in our Online Planetarium at the chosen date.

Date Right AscensionR.A. DeclinationDec. MagnitudeMag Apparent DiameterDiameter Constellation
2023 Jan 30 19h 02m 43s -21° 37’ 18” -0.05 6.8” Sagittarius
2023 Jan 31 19h 07m 09s -21° 40’ 28” -0.06 6.6” Sagittarius
2023 Feb 01 19h 11m 47s -21° 42’ 42” -0.07 6.5” Sagittarius
2023 Feb 02 19h 16m 36s -21° 43’ 55” -0.08 6.4” Sagittarius
2023 Feb 03 19h 21m 33s -21° 44’ 08” -0.09 6.3” Sagittarius
2023 Feb 04 19h 26m 39s -21° 43’ 15” -0.10 6.2” Sagittarius
2023 Feb 05 19h 31m 53s -21° 41’ 17” -0.11 6.2” Sagittarius
2023 Feb 06 19h 37m 13s -21° 38’ 12” -0.11 6.1” Sagittarius
2023 Feb 07 19h 42m 39s -21° 33’ 56” -0.12 6.0” Sagittarius
2023 Feb 08 19h 48m 12s -21° 28’ 32” -0.13 5.9” Sagittarius
2023 Feb 09 19h 53m 51s -21° 21’ 55” -0.14 5.8” Sagittarius
2023 Feb 10 19h 59m 34s -21° 14’ 04” -0.15 5.8” Sagittarius
2023 Feb 11 20h 05m 21s -21° 05’ 00” -0.16 5.7” Sagittarius
2023 Feb 12 20h 11m 12s -20° 54’ 42” -0.17 5.7” Capricornus