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🌎 Location: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]
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Mercury

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Mercury Position

Mercury is currently in the constellation of Libra. The current Right Ascension is 14h 52m 50s and the Declination is -19° 17’ 05”.

14h 52m 50s
-19° 17’ 05”

Simplified sky chart showing where Mercury is right now in the sky with respect to the brightest stars and constellations (see fuillscreen Online Planetarium)

Map showing Mercury in Libra on October, 16 2019
Field of view: 60x30 degrees
View fullscreen
 = visible to the naked eye
 = binocular, brighter than 10th magnitude
= current altitude ≥ 30°   = current altitude < 30°   = below the horizon
Location: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]

Hihgher precision deep sky finder chart showing where Mercury is right now (view fullscreen)

Mercury
RA: 14h 52m 50s
Dec: -19° 17’ 05”
Deep sky finder chart for Mercury
Field of view: 60x40 arcmins
View fullscreen

Also check out Where is Mercury?, a page that provides all the information needed to find Mercury in the sky and additional links to sky charts.

Mercury Distance

The distance of Mercury from Earth is currently 161,102,327 kilometers, equivalent to 1.076903 Astronomical Units. Light takes 8 minutes and 57.3795 seconds to travel from Mercury and arrive to us.

161,102,327
1.076903
8 minutes and 57.3795 seconds

The following chart shows the distance of Mercury from Earth as a function of time. In the chart the distance data is measured in Astronomical Units and sampled with an interval of 1 day.

Distance of Mercury from Earth between January 2013 and December 2100

The value of the reported distance might be somewhat inaccurate around the times of closest approach for objects passing extremely close to Earth. The value of the distance of Mercury from Earth is also available as a real time updated value in the Live Position and Data Tracker.

Closest approach of Mercury to Earth

Between January 2013 and December 2100 the closest approach of Mercury to Earth happens on Sun May 31 2015 at a distance of 0.54903598 Astronomical Units, or 82,134,613 kilometers:

Sun May 31 2015
82,134,613
0.549036

NOTE: values for the closest approach are computed with a sampling interval of 1 day.

Mercury brightness

The current visual magnitude of Mercury is -0.13.

-0.13
6.2”

The following chart is the predicted light curve (visual magnitude as a function of time) of Mercury, according to the most recent ephemerides data. Magnitude data is sampled with a 2 days interval and there might be inaccuracies for objects changing brightness very rapidly during the course of a few days. For comets there could be large discrepancies between the observed and predicted brightness because of their highly dynamic behaviour.

Predicted magnitude of Mercury between January 2013 and December 2100

Mercury rise and set times

Location: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]
Latitude: 51° 28’ 47” N
Longitude: 0° 00’ 00” E
Timezone: Europe/London

Today's Mercury rise, transit and set times from Greenwich, United Kingdom [change] are the following (all times relative to the local timezone Europe/London):

Azimuth: 109.3°
Max altitude: 19.1°
Azimuth: 250.5°
Mercury is below the horizon from Greenwich, United Kingdom

The rise and set times are defined as the time at which the upper limb of Mercury touches the horizon, consideting the effect of the atmospheric refraction. As the atmoshpere conditions cannot be modeled precisely the times reported here should be considered correct with an approximation of few minutes.

Mercury Physical Data

The following shows the known values of the most important physical parameters of Mercury. Source: JPL Small-Body Database

Physical Parameter Value Relative to Earth
Diameter 4879.4 km 0.3829
Mass 0.330104 x 1024 kg 0.0553
Density 5.427 gr/cm3 0.9843
Escape Velocity 4.25 km/s 0.3798
Sideral Rotation 1,407.5088 hours 58.8068
Absolute Magnitude -0.6
Geometric Albedo 0.106

Mercury 15 Days Ephemeris

The following table lists the ephemerides of Mercury computed for the past and next 7 days, with a 24 hours interval. Click on each row of the table to locate Mercury in our Online Planetarium at the chosen date.

Date Right AscensionR.A. DeclinationDec. MagnitudeMag Apparent DiameterDiameter Constellation
2019 Oct 09 14h 18m 00s -15° 50’ 26” -0.13 5.7” Virgo
2019 Oct 10 14h 23m 00s -16° 22’ 12” -0.13 5.7” Libra
2019 Oct 11 14h 27m 59s -16° 52’ 59” -0.13 5.8” Libra
2019 Oct 12 14h 32m 53s -17° 22’ 45” -0.13 5.9” Libra
2019 Oct 13 14h 37m 42s -17° 51’ 32” -0.13 6.0” Libra
2019 Oct 14 14h 42m 29s -18° 19’ 12” -0.13 6.0” Libra
2019 Oct 15 14h 47m 09s -18° 45’ 44” -0.13 6.1” Libra
2019 Oct 16 14h 51m 45s -19° 11’ 08” -0.13 6.2” Libra
2019 Oct 17 14h 56m 13s -19° 35’ 17” -0.13 6.3” Libra
2019 Oct 18 15h 00m 37s -19° 58’ 09” -0.14 6.4” Libra
2019 Oct 19 15h 04m 51s -20° 19’ 41” -0.14 6.5” Libra
2019 Oct 20 15h 08m 57s -20° 39’ 47” -0.13 6.6” Libra
2019 Oct 21 15h 12m 53s -20° 58’ 26” -0.13 6.8” Libra
2019 Oct 22 15h 16m 40s -21° 15’ 28” -0.12 6.9” Libra