Neptune is currently in the constellation of Aquarius. The current Right Ascension of Neptune is 23h 38m 06s and the Declination is -03° 38’ 30” (topocentric coordinates computed for the selected location: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]). The current magnitude of Neptune is 7.82 (JPL).
Summary of key facts about Neptune [tip: you can also create a Quick Access page for this data if you access it frequently and would like to have a simpler view]:
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Additional information about Neptune available on TheSkyLive:
Neptune Position and Finder Charts
Below we provide Neptune finder charts showing where the object is right now in the sky with respect to the brightest stars. The first finder chart has a field of view of 50 degrees, while the second one has a field of view of 10 degrees. Click on each finder chart to access a full screen interactive Online Planetarium.
Higher precision deep sky finder chart, 60 arcmin wide, showing where Neptune is right now. Click on the image to see a more detailed fullscreen tracker view.
Also check out Where is Neptune?, a page that provides all the information needed to find Neptune in the sky and additional links to sky charts.
Neptune Distance from Earth
The distance of Neptune from Earth is currently 4,596,551,078 kilometers, equivalent to 30.726046 Astronomical Units. Light takes 4 hours, 15 minutes and 32.4440 seconds to travel from Neptune and arrive to us.
The following chart shows the distance of Neptune from Earth as a function of time. In the chart the distance data is measured in Astronomical Units and sampled with an interval of 1 day.
The value of the reported distance might be somewhat inaccurate around the times of closest approach for objects passing extremely close to Earth. The value of the distance of Neptune from Earth is also available as a real time updated value in the Live Position and Data Tracker.
Closest approach of Neptune to Earth
Between January 2013 and December 2100, the closest approach of Neptune to Earth happens on Tue Oct 29 2041 at a distance of 28.814180 Astronomical Units, or 4,310,539,942 kilometers:
NOTE: values for the closest approach are computed with a sampling interval of 1 day.
The following chart is the predicted light curve (visual magnitude as a function of time) of Neptune, according to the most recent ephemerides data. Magnitude data is sampled with a 2 days interval and there might be inaccuracies for objects changing brightness very rapidly during the course of a few days. For comets there could be large discrepancies between the observed and predicted brightness because of their highly dynamic behaviour.
Neptune rise and set times
The rise and set times are defined as the time at which the upper limb of Neptune touches the horizon, considering the effect of the atmospheric refraction. As the atmospheric conditions cannot be modeled precisely the times reported here should be considered correct with an approximation of few minutes.
Neptune Physical Data
The following shows the known values of the most important physical parameters of Neptune. Source: JPL Small-Body Database
|Physical Parameter||Value||Relative to Earth|
|Mass||102.41 x 1024 kg||17.1478|
|Escape Velocity||23.56 km/s||2.1055|
|Sideral Rotation||16.1100 hours||0.6731|
Neptune 15 Days Ephemeris
The following table lists the ephemerides of Neptune computed for the past and next 7 days, with a 24 hours interval. Click on each row of the table to locate Neptune in our Online Planetarium at the chosen date.
|Date||Right AscensionR.A.||DeclinationDec.||MagnitudeMag||Apparent DiameterDiameter||Constellation|
|2023 Feb 02||23h 37m 18s||-03° 43’ 55”||7.81||2.2”||Aquarius|
|2023 Feb 03||23h 37m 23s||-03° 43’ 10”||7.81||2.2”||Aquarius|
|2023 Feb 04||23h 37m 31s||-03° 42’ 25”||7.81||2.2”||Aquarius|
|2023 Feb 05||23h 37m 37s||-03° 41’ 39”||7.81||2.2”||Aquarius|
|2023 Feb 06||23h 37m 45s||-03° 40’ 54”||7.82||2.2”||Aquarius|
|2023 Feb 07||23h 37m 51s||-03° 40’ 08”||7.82||2.2”||Aquarius|
|2023 Feb 08||23h 37m 59s||-03° 39’ 20”||7.82||2.2”||Aquarius|
|2023 Feb 09||23h 38m 06s||-03° 38’ 34”||7.82||2.2”||Aquarius|
|2023 Feb 10||23h 38m 12s||-03° 37’ 45”||7.82||2.2”||Aquarius|
|2023 Feb 11||23h 38m 21s||-03° 36’ 57”||7.82||2.2”||Aquarius|
|2023 Feb 12||23h 38m 27s||-03° 36’ 10”||7.82||2.2”||Aquarius|
|2023 Feb 13||23h 38m 35s||-03° 35’ 21”||7.82||2.2”||Aquarius|
|2023 Feb 14||23h 38m 43s||-03° 34’ 32”||7.82||2.2”||Aquarius|
|2023 Feb 15||23h 38m 51s||-03° 33’ 42”||7.82||2.2”||Aquarius|