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Dwarf Planet Pluto

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Dwarf Planet Pluto Position

Dwarf Planet Pluto is currently in the constellation of Sagittarius. The current Right Ascension is 19h 32m 45s and the Declination is -22° 10’ 04”.

19h 32m 45s
-22° 10’ 04”

Simplified sky chart showing where Dwarf Planet Pluto is right now in the sky with respect to the brightest stars and constellations (see fuillscreen Online Planetarium)

Map showing Dwarf Planet Pluto in Sagittarius on July, 24 2019
Field of view: 60x30 degrees
View fullscreen
 = visible to the naked eye
 = binocular, brighter than 10th magnitude
= current altitude ≥ 30°   = current altitude < 30°   = below the horizon
Location: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]

Hihgher precision deep sky finder chart showing where Dwarf Planet Pluto is right now (view fullscreen)

RA: 19h 32m 45s
Dec: -22° 10’ 04”
Deep sky finder chart for Dwarf Planet Pluto
Field of view: 60x40 arcmins
View fullscreen

Also check out Where is Dwarf Planet Pluto?, a page that provides all the information needed to find Dwarf Planet Pluto in the sky and additional links to sky charts.

Dwarf Planet Pluto Distance

The distance of Dwarf Planet Pluto from Earth is currently 4,913,111,701 kilometers, equivalent to 32.842123 Astronomical Units. Light takes 4 hours, 33 minutes and 8.3766 seconds to travel from Dwarf Planet Pluto and arrive to us.

4 hours, 33 minutes and 8.3766 seconds

The following chart shows the distance of Dwarf Planet Pluto from Earth as a function of time. In the chart the distance data is measured in Astronomical Units and sampled with an interval of 1 day.

Distance of Dwarf Planet Pluto from Earth between January 2013 and January 2100

The value of the reported distance might be somewhat inaccurate around the times of closest approach for objects passing extremely close to Earth. The value of the distance of Pluto from Earth is also available as a real time updated value in the Live Position and Data Tracker.

Closest approach of Dwarf Planet Pluto to Earth

Between January 2013 and January 2100 the closest approach of Dwarf Planet Pluto to Earth happens on Sun Jun 30 2013 at a distance of 31.44911014 Astronomical Units, or 4,704,719,922 kilometers:

Sun Jun 30 2013

NOTE: values for the closest approach are computed with a sampling interval of 1 day.

Dwarf Planet Pluto brightness

The current visual magnitude of Dwarf Planet Pluto is 14.24.


The following chart is the predicted light curve (visual magnitude as a function of time) of Dwarf Planet Pluto, according to the most recent ephemerides data. Magnitude data is sampled with a 2 days interval and there might be inaccuracies for objects changing brightness very rapidly during the course of a few days. For comets there could be large discrepancies between the observed and predicted brightness because of their highly dynamic behaviour.

Predicted magnitude of Dwarf Planet Pluto between January 2013 and January 2100

Dwarf Planet Pluto rise and set times

Location: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]
Latitude: 51° 28’ 47” N
Longitude: 0° 00’ 00” E
Timezone: Europe/London

Today's Dwarf Planet Pluto rise, transit and set times from Greenwich, United Kingdom [change] are the following (all times relative to the local timezone Europe/London):

Azimuth: 112.2°
Max altitude: 16.3°
Azimuth: 247.8°
Dwarf Planet Pluto is below the horizon from Greenwich, United Kingdom

The rise and set times are defined as the time at which the upper limb of Dwarf Planet Pluto touches the horizon, consideting the effect of the atmospheric refraction. As the atmoshpere conditions cannot be modeled precisely the times reported here should be considered correct with an approximation of few minutes.

Dwarf Planet Pluto Orbital Elements

The following table lists the orbital elements of Dwarf Planet Pluto at epoch 26 April 2019 00:00 UTC (JD: 2458600.5). Source: JPL Small-Body Database

Element Symbol Value
Orbit eccentricity e 0.21724746
Orbit inclination i 9.76089006°
Perihelion distance q 2.04375160 AU
305,740,888 km
Aphelion distance Q 3.17820938 AU
475,453,357 km
Semi-major axis a 2.61098049 AU
390,597,122 km
Orbital period period 4.2200 years
1,541.0044 days
Date of perihelion transit Tp 2020-Nov-21 11:35:47
2,459,174.9832 JD
Argument of perihelion peri 127.87396969415°
Longitude of the ascending node node 214.970803836°
Mean anomaly M 225.79275639482°
Mean motion n 0.23361388°/day

Visualization of Dwarf Planet Pluto Orbit

This 3d orbit diagram is a feature of our 3D Solar System Simulator and shows the orbit of Dwarf Planet Pluto with respect of the Sun and the orbits of the major planets. The position of Dwarf Planet Pluto and the planets along their orbits in this diagram accurately represents the current configuration of the objects in the Solar System. This is an experimental feature and it requires a WebGL enabled browser. Please provide us feedback!

Orbit Diagram of Dwarf Planet Pluto
View Dwarf Planet Pluto in the 3D Solar System Simulator

Dwarf Planet Pluto Physical Data

The following shows the known values of the most important physical parameters of Dwarf Planet Pluto. Source: JPL Small-Body Database

Physical Parameter Value Relative to Earth
Diameter 2302 km 0.1807
Mass 0.01309 x 1024 kg 0.0022
Density 2.05 gr/cm3 0.3718
Escape Velocity 1.23 km/s 0.1099
Sideral Rotation -153.2928 hours -6.4047
Absolute Magnitude -1
Geometric Albedo 0.3

Dwarf Planet Pluto 15 Days Ephemeris

The following table lists the ephemerides of Dwarf Planet Pluto computed for the past and next 7 days, with a 24 hours interval. Click on each row of the table to locate Dwarf Planet Pluto in our Online Planetarium at the chosen date.

Date Right AscensionR.A. DeclinationDec. MagnitudeMag Constellation
2019 Jul 17 19h 33m 29s -22° 07’ 46” 14.23 Sagittarius
2019 Jul 18 19h 33m 23s -22° 08’ 07” 14.23 Sagittarius
2019 Jul 19 19h 33m 15s -22° 08’ 26” 14.23 Sagittarius
2019 Jul 20 19h 33m 10s -22° 08’ 44” 14.24 Sagittarius
2019 Jul 21 19h 33m 03s -22° 09’ 05” 14.24 Sagittarius
2019 Jul 22 19h 32m 57s -22° 09’ 24” 14.24 Sagittarius
2019 Jul 23 19h 32m 52s -22° 09’ 42” 14.24 Sagittarius
2019 Jul 24 19h 32m 45s -22° 10’ 01” 14.24 Sagittarius
2019 Jul 25 19h 32m 39s -22° 10’ 20” 14.24 Sagittarius
2019 Jul 26 19h 32m 34s -22° 10’ 40” 14.24 Sagittarius
2019 Jul 27 19h 32m 27s -22° 10’ 59” 14.25 Sagittarius
2019 Jul 28 19h 32m 21s -22° 11’ 17” 14.25 Sagittarius
2019 Jul 29 19h 32m 16s -22° 11’ 35” 14.25 Sagittarius
2019 Jul 30 19h 32m 09s -22° 11’ 54” 14.25 Sagittarius