We use cookies to deliver essential features and to measure their performance. By using this site you accept our Privacy Policies.
A Complete Guide to the Solar System and the Night Sky
Help keep this site free and ads-free! Donate Now!
public Observing fromLocation: Greenwich, United Kingdom edit_location_alt
SunriseRise: 6:08  
clear_day Transit: 12:59  
SunsetSet: 19:51
sunny DaytimeWhat's Visible Now?
All Constellations » Capricornus » 

σ Capricorni (sigma Capricorni)

Altitude: 5.9°   Azimuth: 228.7°   Direction: South-West

σ Capricorni is a double bright giant star in the constellation of Capricornus.

σ Capricorni visual magnitude is 5.28. Because of its reltive faintness, σ Capricorni should be visible only from locations with dark skies, while it is not visible at all from skies affected by light pollution.

The proper motion of σ Capricorni is 0.009 arcsec per year in Right Ascension and -0.009 arcsec per year in Declination and the associated displacement for the next 100000 years is represented with the red arrow.

Image of σ Capricorni (sigma Capricorni) star
DSS2 image of σ Capricorni. The red arrow shows the motion of σ Capricorni during the next 100000 years (15.00 arcmin in Right Ascension and -15.00 arcmin in declination);

Key facts about σ Capricorni

5.28
Bright giant

σ Capricorni (sigma Capricorni) is above the horizon from Greenwich, United Kingdom edit_location_alt.

Altitude: 5.9°
Azimuth: 228.7°
Direction: South-West

Celestial coordinates and finder chart of σ Capricorni

σ Capricorni is situated close to the celestial equator, as such, it is at least partly visible from both hemispheres in certain times of the year. Celestial coordinates for the J2000 equinox as well as galactic coordinates of σ Capricorni are provided in the following table:

20h 19m 23s
-19° 07’ 06”
24.48°
-27.66°
Capricornus

The simplified sky map below shows the position of σ Capricorni in the sky:

Finder chart σ Capricorni (sigma Capricorni) star
Simplified finder chart for σ Capricorni (sigma Capricorni).

Visibility of σ Capricorni from your location

Location: Greenwich, United Kingdom edit_location_alt
Latitude: 51° 28’ 47” N
Longitude: 0° 00’ 00” E
Timezone: Europe/London

Today's σ Capricorni (sigma Capricorni) rise, transit and set times from Greenwich, United Kingdom edit_location_alt are the following (all times relative to the local timezone Europe/London):

Azimuth: 109.1°
Max altitude: 19.4°
Azimuth: 250.9°

Distance of σ Capricorni from the Sun and relative movement

σ Capricorni is distant 696.58 light years from the Sun and it is moving towards the Sun at the speed of 11 kilometers per second.

213.68 pc
696.58 ly
-11 km/s
0.009 arcsec/year
-0.009 arcsec/year

Spectral properties of σ Capricorni

σ Capricorni belongs to spectral class K3 and has a luminosity class of II corresponding to a bright giant star.

-1.37
K3II
3950K

The red dot in the diagram below shows where σ Capricorni is situated in the Hertzsprung–Russell diagram.

HR Diagram
H-R diagram showing the position of σ Capricorni. Attribution: Richard Powell / CC BY-SA

σ Capricorni star system properties

σ Capricorni is a visual double star which can be observed with binoculars or small telescopes. The table below shows key information about the σ Capricorni double sysyem:

5.28
8.78
3.5
56.5 arcsec

Alternative designations of σ Capricorni

σ Capricorni
(sigma Capricorni)
7 Capricorni
SAO163445
SAO163445