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A Complete Guide to the Solar System and the Night Sky
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public Observing fromLocation: Greenwich, United Kingdom edit_location_alt
SunriseRise: 5:43  
clear_day Transit: 12:56  
SunsetSet: 20:10
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All Constellations » Draco » 

Thuban - α Draconis (alpha Draconis)

Altitude: 29.6°   Azimuth: 17.9°   Direction: North-North-East

Thuban, also designated as α Draconis (alpha Draconis), is a variable hypergiant star in the constellation of Draco.

Thuban visual magnitude is 3.65. Because of its moderate brightness, Thuban should be easily visible from locations with dark skies, while it can be barely visible, or not visible at all, from skies affected by light pollution.

The proper motion of Thuban is -0.055 arcsec per year in Right Ascension and 0.018 arcsec per year in Declination and the associated displacement for the next 10000 years is represented with the red arrow.

Image of Thuban - α Draconis (alpha Draconis) star
DSS2 image of Thuban. The red arrow shows the motion of Thuban during the next 10000 years (-9.17 arcmin in Right Ascension and 3.00 arcmin in declination);

Key facts about Thuban


Thuban - α Draconis (alpha Draconis) is above the horizon from Greenwich, United Kingdom edit_location_alt.

Altitude: 29.6°
Azimuth: 17.9°
Direction: North-North-East

Celestial coordinates and finder chart of Thuban

Thuban is situated close to the northern celestial pole and, as such, it is visible for most part of the year from the northern hemisphere. Celestial coordinates for the J2000 equinox as well as galactic coordinates of Thuban are provided in the following table:

14h 04m 23s
+64° 22’ 32”

The simplified sky map below shows the position of Thuban in the sky:

Finder chart Thuban - α Draconis (alpha Draconis) star
Simplified finder chart for Thuban - α Draconis (alpha Draconis).

Visibility of Thuban from your location

Location: Greenwich, United Kingdom edit_location_alt
Latitude: 51° 28’ 47” N
Longitude: 0° 00’ 00” E
Timezone: Europe/London

Thuban - α Draconis (alpha Draconis) is circumpolar and transits at 23:46 UTC (altitude: 77.1°)

Distance of Thuban from the Sun and relative movement

Thuban is distant 308.71 light years from the Sun and it is moving towards the Sun at the speed of 13 kilometers per second.

94.70 pc
308.71 ly
-13 km/s
-0.055 arcsec/year
0.018 arcsec/year

Spectral properties of Thuban

Thuban belongs to spectral class A0 and has a luminosity class of III corresponding to a hypergiant star.


The red dot in the diagram below shows where Thuban is situated in the Hertzsprung–Russell diagram.

HR Diagram
H-R diagram showing the position of Thuban. Attribution: Richard Powell / CC BY-SA

Alternative designations of Thuban

α Draconis
(alpha Draconis)
11 Draconis