The Sun Sky Charts and Coordinates
This is a simplified sky chart, showing where The Sun is now with respect to the brightest stars and constellations.
More advanced sky charts are available on TheSkyLive for this object: 1) the Online Planetarium which is interactive and allows to select dates and additional objects to visualize; and 2) the Live Position and Data Tracker which provides the highest precision position data and features deep sky imagery from the Digitized Sky Survey.
The Sun Rise and Set Times
Today's The Sun rise, transit and set times from Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]. All times are relative to the Europe/London timezone.
The rise and set times are defined as the time at which the upper limb of The Sun touches the horizon, consideting the effect of the atmospheric refraction. As the atmoshpere conditions cannot be modeled precisely the times reported here should be considered correct with an approximation of few minutes.
The Sun Ephemeris
The following table lists the ephemerides of The Sun computed for the past and next 7 days, with a 24 hours interval. Click on each row of the table to locate The Sun in our Online Planetarium at the chosen date.
|Date||Right AscensionR.A.||DeclinationDec.||MagnitudeMag||Apparent DiameterDiameter||Constellation|
|2019 Jan 13||19h 36m 02s||-21° 36’ 07”||-26.78||1,951.1”||Sagittarius|
|2019 Jan 14||19h 40m 22s||-21° 26’ 02”||-26.78||1,951.0”||Sagittarius|
|2019 Jan 15||19h 44m 40s||-21° 15’ 30”||-26.78||1,950.9”||Sagittarius|
|2019 Jan 16||19h 48m 59s||-21° 04’ 36”||-26.78||1,950.8”||Sagittarius|
|2019 Jan 17||19h 53m 16s||-20° 53’ 16”||-26.78||1,950.7”||Sagittarius|
|2019 Jan 18||19h 57m 33s||-20° 41’ 31”||-26.78||1,950.5”||Sagittarius|
|2019 Jan 19||20h 01m 48s||-20° 29’ 25”||-26.78||1,950.4”||Sagittarius|
|2019 Jan 20||20h 06m 02s||-20° 16’ 54”||-26.78||1,950.2”||Sagittarius|
|2019 Jan 21||20h 10m 18s||-20° 04’ 01”||-26.78||1,950.1”||Capricornus|
|2019 Jan 22||20h 14m 30s||-19° 50’ 45”||-26.78||1,949.9”||Capricornus|
|2019 Jan 23||20h 18m 43s||-19° 37’ 09”||-26.78||1,949.7”||Capricornus|
|2019 Jan 24||20h 22m 55s||-19° 23’ 08”||-26.78||1,949.5”||Capricornus|
|2019 Jan 25||20h 27m 06s||-19° 08’ 48”||-26.78||1,949.3”||Capricornus|
|2019 Jan 26||20h 31m 18s||-18° 54’ 06”||-26.78||1,949.1”||Capricornus|
Distance of The Sun from Earth
The following chart shows the distance of The Sun from Earth as a function of time. Distance data is measured in Astronomical Units and sampled with a 2 days interval.
The reported distances might be inaccurate around the times of closest approach for objects passing extremely close to Earth. The value of the distance of Sun is also available as a real time updated value in the Live Position and Data Tracker.
Light Curve of The Sun
The following chart is the predicted light curve (visual magnitude as a function of time) of The Sun, according to the most recent ephemerides data. Magnitude data is sampled with a 2 days interval and there might be inaccuracies for objects changing brightness very rapidly during the course of a few days. For comets there could be large discrepancies between the observed and predicted brightness because of their highly dynamic behaviour.
The Sun Physical Data
The following shows the known values of the most important physical parameters of The Sun. Source: JPL Small-Body Database
|Physical Parameter||Value||Relative to Earth|
|Mass||1989000 x 1024 kg||333,043.6574|
|Escape Velocity||618.02 km/s||55.2297|
|Sideral Rotation||587.2800 hours||24.5370|