Are There Sunspots Today?
Here is a recent image of the Sun's surface showing the current sunspot activity:
The Sun Position
Simplified sky chart showing where The Sun is right now in the sky with respect to the brightest stars and constellations (see full screen Online Planetarium)
Higher precision deep sky finder chart showing where The Sun is right now (view fullscreen)
Also check out Where is The Sun?, a page that provides all the information needed to find The Sun in the sky and additional links to sky charts.
The Sun Distance
The following chart shows the distance of The Sun from Earth as a function of time. In the chart the distance data is measured in Astronomical Units and sampled with an interval of 1 day.
The value of the reported distance might be somewhat inaccurate around the times of closest approach for objects passing extremely close to Earth. The value of the distance of Sun from Earth is also available as a real time updated value in the Live Position and Data Tracker.
Closest approach of The Sun to Earth
Between January 2013 and December 2100 the closest approach of The Sun to Earth happens on Sun Jan 5 2020 at a distance of 0.98324386 Astronomical Units, or 147,091,188 kilometers:
NOTE: values for the closest approach are computed with a sampling interval of 1 day.
The Sun brightness
The following chart is the predicted light curve (visual magnitude as a function of time) of The Sun, according to the most recent ephemerides data. Magnitude data is sampled with a 2 days interval and there might be inaccuracies for objects changing brightness very rapidly during the course of a few days. For comets there could be large discrepancies between the observed and predicted brightness because of their highly dynamic behaviour.
The Sun rise and set times
The rise and set times are defined as the time at which the upper limb of The Sun touches the horizon, considering the effect of the atmospheric refraction. As the atmospheric conditions cannot be modeled precisely the times reported here should be considered correct with an approximation of few minutes.
The Sun Physical Data
The following shows the known values of the most important physical parameters of The Sun. Source: JPL Small-Body Database
|Physical Parameter||Value||Relative to Earth|
|Mass||1989000 x 1024 kg||333,043.6574|
|Escape Velocity||618.02 km/s||55.2297|
|Sideral Rotation||587.2800 hours||24.5370|
The Sun 15 Days Ephemeris
The following table lists the ephemerides of The Sun computed for the past and next 7 days, with a 24 hours interval. Click on each row of the table to locate The Sun in our Online Planetarium at the chosen date.
|Date||Right AscensionR.A.||DeclinationDec.||MagnitudeMag||Apparent DiameterDiameter||Constellation|
|2020 Mar 28||00h 27m 33s||+02° 58’ 36”||-26.75||1,922.4”||Pisces|
|2020 Mar 29||00h 31m 11s||+03° 22’ 01”||-26.75||1,921.9”||Pisces|
|2020 Mar 30||00h 34m 50s||+03° 45’ 21”||-26.74||1,921.3”||Pisces|
|2020 Mar 31||00h 38m 29s||+04° 08’ 39”||-26.74||1,920.8”||Pisces|
|2020 Apr 01||00h 42m 07s||+04° 31’ 50”||-26.74||1,920.2”||Pisces|
|2020 Apr 02||00h 45m 46s||+04° 54’ 57”||-26.74||1,919.7”||Pisces|
|2020 Apr 03||00h 49m 24s||+05° 17’ 58”||-26.74||1,919.2”||Pisces|
|2020 Apr 04||00h 53m 03s||+05° 40’ 54”||-26.74||1,918.6”||Pisces|
|2020 Apr 05||00h 56m 43s||+06° 03’ 44”||-26.74||1,918.1”||Pisces|
|2020 Apr 06||01h 00m 21s||+06° 26’ 27”||-26.74||1,917.5”||Pisces|
|2020 Apr 07||01h 04m 01s||+06° 49’ 04”||-26.74||1,917.0”||Pisces|
|2020 Apr 08||01h 07m 41s||+07° 11’ 34”||-26.74||1,916.4”||Pisces|
|2020 Apr 09||01h 11m 21s||+07° 33’ 56”||-26.74||1,915.9”||Pisces|
|2020 Apr 10||01h 15m 02s||+07° 56’ 09”||-26.74||1,915.3”||Pisces|