Your guide to the Solar System and the night sky
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🌎  Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]

The Sun

The Sun is currently in the constellation of Virgo. The current Right Ascension of The Sun is 12h 04m 49s and the Declination is -00° 31’ 35” (topocentric coordinates computed for the selected location: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]). The current magnitude of The Sun is -26.74 (JPL).

Summary of key facts about The Sun [tip: you can also create a Quick Access page for this data if you access it frequently and would like to have a simpler view]:

12h 04m 49s
-00° 31’ 35”

If you need to access this information frequently for your observations, you can create a simple customized Quick Access page, so that you can easily bookmark it in your browser favorites or add a shortcut to your mobile phones' home screen.

Additional information about The Sun available on TheSkyLive:

Available Resources

Are There Sunspots Today?

Here is a recent image of the Sun's surface showing the current sunspot activity:

The Sun Position and Finder Charts

Below we provide The Sun finder charts showing where the object is right now in the sky with respect to the brightest stars. The first finder chart has a field of view of 50 degrees, while the second one has a field of view of 10 degrees. Click on each finder chart to access a full screen interactive Online Planetarium.

Map showing The Sun in Virgo on September, 24 2022
Field of view: 50x30 degrees
View fullscreen
Map showing The Sun in Virgo on September, 24 2022
Field of view: 10x6 degrees
View fullscreen
 = visible to the naked eye
 = binocular, brighter than 10th magnitude
= current altitude ≥ 30°   = current altitude < 30°   = below the horizon
Location: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]

Higher precision deep sky finder chart, 60 arcmin wide, showing where The Sun is right now. Click on the image to see a more detailed fullscreen tracker view.

RA: 12h 04m 49s
Dec: -00° 31’ 35”
Deep sky finder chart for The Sun
Field of view: 60x40 arcmins
View fullscreen

Also check out Where is The Sun?, a page that provides all the information needed to find The Sun in the sky and additional links to sky charts.

The Sun Distance from Earth

The distance of The Sun from Earth is currently 150,072,759 kilometers, equivalent to 1.003174 Astronomical Units. Light takes 8 minutes and 20.5888 seconds to travel from The Sun and arrive to us.

8 minutes and 20.5888 seconds

The following chart shows the distance of The Sun from Earth as a function of time. In the chart the distance data is measured in Astronomical Units and sampled with an interval of 1 day.

Distance of The Sun from Earth between January 2013 and December 2100

The value of the reported distance might be somewhat inaccurate around the times of closest approach for objects passing extremely close to Earth. The value of the distance of Sun from Earth is also available as a real time updated value in the Live Position and Data Tracker.

Closest approach of The Sun to Earth

Between January 2013 and December 2100, the closest approach of The Sun to Earth happens on Sun Jan 5 2020 at a distance of 0.983244 Astronomical Units, or 147,091,188 kilometers:

Sun Jan 5 2020

NOTE: values for the closest approach are computed with a sampling interval of 1 day.

The Sun brightness

The current visual magnitude of The Sun is -26.74.


The following chart is the predicted light curve (visual magnitude as a function of time) of The Sun, according to the most recent ephemerides data. Magnitude data is sampled with a 2 days interval and there might be inaccuracies for objects changing brightness very rapidly during the course of a few days. For comets there could be large discrepancies between the observed and predicted brightness because of their highly dynamic behaviour.

Predicted magnitude of The Sun between January 2013 and December 2100

The Sun rise and set times

Location: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]
Latitude: 51° 28’ 47” N
Longitude: 0° 00’ 00” E
Timezone: Europe/London

Today's The Sun rise, transit and set times from Greenwich, United Kingdom [change] are the following (all times relative to the local timezone Europe/London):

Azimuth: 90.3°
Max altitude: 38.1°
Azimuth: 269.5°

The rise and set times are defined as the time at which the upper limb of The Sun touches the horizon, considering the effect of the atmospheric refraction. As the atmospheric conditions cannot be modeled precisely the times reported here should be considered correct with an approximation of few minutes.

The Sun Physical Data

The following shows the known values of the most important physical parameters of The Sun. Source: JPL Small-Body Database

Physical Parameter Value Relative to Earth
Diameter 1391684 km 109.2202
Mass 1989000 x 1024 kg 333,043.6574
Density 1.41 gr/cm3 0.2557
Escape Velocity 618.02 km/s 55.2297
Sideral Rotation 587.2800 hours 24.5370
Absolute Magnitude -26.8

The Sun 15 Days Ephemeris

The following table lists the ephemerides of The Sun computed for the past and next 7 days, with a 24 hours interval. Click on each row of the table to locate The Sun in our Online Planetarium at the chosen date.

Date Right AscensionR.A. DeclinationDec. MagnitudeMag Apparent DiameterDiameter Constellation
2022 Sep 17 11h 37m 10s +02° 28’ 01” -26.73 1,908.8” Leo
2022 Sep 18 11h 40m 45s +02° 04’ 51” -26.73 1,909.3” Virgo
2022 Sep 19 11h 44m 21s +01° 41’ 38” -26.73 1,909.8” Virgo
2022 Sep 20 11h 47m 56s +01° 18’ 23” -26.73 1,910.3” Virgo
2022 Sep 21 11h 51m 30s +00° 55’ 05” -26.73 1,910.8” Virgo
2022 Sep 22 11h 55m 06s +00° 31’ 45” -26.73 1,911.3” Virgo
2022 Sep 23 11h 58m 41s +00° 08’ 25” -26.73 1,911.9” Virgo
2022 Sep 24 12h 02m 17s -00° 14’ 56” -26.74 1,912.4” Virgo
2022 Sep 25 12h 05m 53s -00° 38’ 17” -26.74 1,912.9” Virgo
2022 Sep 26 12h 09m 29s -01° 01’ 41” -26.74 1,913.5” Virgo
2022 Sep 27 12h 13m 05s -01° 25’ 04” -26.74 1,914.0” Virgo
2022 Sep 28 12h 16m 41s -01° 48’ 25” -26.74 1,914.6” Virgo
2022 Sep 29 12h 20m 17s -02° 11’ 47” -26.74 1,915.1” Virgo
2022 Sep 30 12h 23m 54s -02° 35’ 07” -26.74 1,915.7” Virgo