We use cookies to deliver essential features and to measure their performance. Learn more.
We're free & ads-free thanks to your support
public LocationGreenwich, UK
TimezoneEurope/London
Sunrise: 5:08 
Transit: 13:06 
Sunset: 21:03
wb_twilight   (Astronomical Twilight)   What's Visible Now?
Major Bodies » 

Venus

Below the horizon.  Rise: 6:18 | Tran: 13:59 | Set: 21:39
Alt: -19.47°   Az: 3.53°   Direction: North

Venus is in the constellation of Cancer, at a distance of 250,716,297.0 kilometers from Earth. The current Right Ascension is 08h 52m 31s and the Declination is +18° 59’ 03” (apparent coordinates). The magnitude of Venus is -3.90 (data provided by JPL Horizons).

Finder chart of Venus in Cancer on July,20 2024
Map showing Venus in Cancer on July, 20 2024. Field of view: 50x30 degrees
View interactive star map

Venus is the the second planet of the Solar System in order of distance from the Sun, being located 0.72 astronomical units from it in the inner solar system. It has a similar size and composition to Earth, with a diameter of 12,104 kilometers and a mass of 4.87 x 10^24 kilograms. The planet has a slow retrograde rotation, meaning it rotates on its axis in the opposite direction to its orbit around the sun, taking 243 Earth days to complete one rotation. Venus has a thick atmosphere primarily composed of carbon dioxide with trace amounts of nitrogen and other gases, as well as sulfuric acid clouds that obscure the surface from visible light. Due to its thick atmosphere and runaway greenhouse effect it experiences extreme surface temperatures, with a maximum temperature of 864 degrees Fahrenheit (462 degrees Celsius). Venus has been observed and studied since ancient times, with the earliest recorded observations dating back to Babylonian astronomers in the 17th century BCE.

Celestial Coordinates

Apparent

08h 52m 31s
+18° 59’ 03”
12h 14m 04s
21h 06m 35s

J2000

08h 51m 07s
+19° 04’ 39”

Additional Information

Cancer
-3.90

Rise and Set Times

Today's rise, transit and set times of Venus from Greenwich, UK (all times relative to the local timezone Europe/London):

Azimuth: 71.1°
Max altitude: 57.3°
Azimuth: 288.7°
  • Venus is below the horizon from Greenwich, UK.
  • Given its current magnitude, Venus is visible to the naked eye, easily even from highly light polluted areas.
  • Go to interactive sky chart

If you need to access this information frequently for your observations, you can create a simple customized Quick Access page, so that you can easily bookmark it in your browser favorites or add a shortcut to your mobile phones' home screen.

Finder Charts

Finder chart of Venus
Sky map showing Venus in Cancer on July, 20 2024. Field of view: 10x6 degrees. View in interactive sky chart

High precision deep sky finder chart, 60 arcmin wide, showing where Venus is right now. Click on the image to see a more detailed fullscreen tracker view.

Venus
RA: 08h 51m 07s
Dec: +19° 04’ 39”
Deep sky finder chart for Venus. Field of view: 60x40 arcmins. View in deep sky object tracker

Also check out Where is Venus?, a page that provides all the information needed to find Venus in the sky and additional links to sky charts.

Distance from Earth

The distance of Venus from Earth is currently 250,716,297.0 kilometers, equivalent to 1.6759349303 Astronomical Units. Light takes 13m 56.300s to travel from Venus and arrive to us.

250,716,297.0
1.6759349303
13m 56.300s

The following chart shows the distance of Venus from Earth as a function of time. In the chart the distance data is measured in Astronomical Units and sampled with an interval of 1 day.

Chart of the distance of Venus from Earth in Astronomical Units (au)

The value of the reported distance might be somewhat inaccurate around the times of closest approach for objects passing extremely close to Earth. The value of the distance of Venus from Earth is also available as a real time updated value in the Live Position and Data Tracker.

Closest Approach

Between 1 January 1600 and 30 December 2499, the closest approach of Venus to Earth happens on Sat Dec 12 1615 at a distance of 0.264008 Astronomical Units, or 39,494,992 kilometers:

Sat Dec 12 1615
39,494,992
0.264008

NOTE: values for the closest approach are computed with a sampling interval of 1 day.

Light Curve

The following chart is the predicted light curve (visual magnitude as a function of time) of Venus, according to the most recent ephemerides data. Magnitude data is sampled with a 2 days interval and there might be inaccuracies for objects changing brightness very rapidly during the course of a few days. For comets there could be large discrepancies between the observed and predicted brightness because of their highly dynamic behaviour.

Chart of the magnitude of Venus as a function of time

Physical Data

The following shows the known values of the most important physical parameters of Venus. Source: JPL Small-Body Database

Physical Parameter Value Relative to Earth
Diameter 12103.6 km 0.9499
Mass 4.86732 x 1024 kg 0.8150
Density 5.243 gr/cm3 0.9510
Escape Velocity 10.36 km/s 0.9258
Sideral Rotation -5,832.4320 hours -243.6833
Absolute Magnitude -4.47
Geometric Albedo 0.65

15 Days Ephemeris

The following table lists the ephemerides of Venus computed for the past and next 7 days, with a 24 hours interval. Apparent celestial coordinates are provided.

Date Right AscensionR.A. DeclinationDec. MagnitudeMag Apparent DiameterDiameter Constellation
2024 Jul 13 08h 16m 40s +21° 00’ 21” -3.90 9.9” Cancer
2024 Jul 14 08h 21m 48s +20° 44’ 52” -3.90 9.9” Cancer
2024 Jul 15 08h 26m 56s +20° 28’ 49” -3.90 9.9” Cancer
2024 Jul 16 08h 32m 02s +20° 12’ 11” -3.90 9.9” Cancer
2024 Jul 17 08h 37m 07s +19° 54’ 58” -3.90 9.9” Cancer
2024 Jul 18 08h 42m 11s +19° 37’ 12” -3.90 9.9” Cancer
2024 Jul 19 08h 47m 14s +19° 18’ 53” -3.90 9.9” Cancer
2024 Jul 20 08h 52m 15s +19° 00’ 02” -3.90 10.0” Cancer
2024 Jul 21 08h 57m 16s +18° 40’ 39” -3.90 10.0” Cancer
2024 Jul 22 09h 02m 16s +18° 20’ 44” -3.90 10.0” Cancer
2024 Jul 23 09h 07m 13s +18° 00’ 21” -3.90 10.0” Cancer
2024 Jul 24 09h 12m 10s +17° 39’ 27” -3.89 10.0” Cancer
2024 Jul 25 09h 17m 06s +17° 18’ 04” -3.89 10.0” Cancer
2024 Jul 26 09h 22m 00s +16° 56’ 12” -3.89 10.1” Cancer

Additional Resources