Venus is the the second planet of the Solar System in order of distance from the Sun, being located 0.72 astronomical units from it in the inner solar system. It has a similar size and composition to Earth, with a diameter of 12,104 kilometers and a mass of 4.87 x 10^24 kilograms. The planet has a slow retrograde rotation, meaning it rotates on its axis in the opposite direction to its orbit around the sun, taking 243 Earth days to complete one rotation. Venus has a thick atmosphere primarily composed of carbon dioxide with trace amounts of nitrogen and other gases, as well as sulfuric acid clouds that obscure the surface from visible light. Due to its thick atmosphere and runaway greenhouse effect it experiences extreme surface temperatures, with a maximum temperature of 864 degrees Fahrenheit (462 degrees Celsius). Venus has been observed and studied since ancient times, with the earliest recorded observations dating back to Babylonian astronomers in the 17th century BCE.
The current Right Ascension of Venus is 14h 15m 00s and the Declination is -11° 09’ 11” (topocentric coordinates computed for the selected location: Greenwich, United Kingdom ). The current magnitude of Venus is -4.14 (JPL).
- Venus is above the horizon from Greenwich, United Kingdom .
- Right now it is placed in the West-South-West direction at an altitude of 10° above the horizon.
- Given its current magnitude, Venus is visible to the naked eye, easily even from highly light polluted areas.
- Go to interactive sky chart
If you need to access this information frequently for your observations, you can create a simple customized Quick Access page, so that you can easily bookmark it in your browser favorites or add a shortcut to your mobile phones' home screen.
Venus Position and Finder Charts
Below we provide Venus finder charts showing where the object is right now in the sky with respect to the brightest stars. The first finder chart has a field of view of 50 degrees, while the second one has a field of view of 10 degrees. Click on each finder chart to access a full screen interactive Online Planetarium.
Higher precision deep sky finder chart, 60 arcmin wide, showing where Venus is right now. Click on the image to see a more detailed fullscreen tracker view.
Also check out Where is Venus?, a page that provides all the information needed to find Venus in the sky and additional links to sky charts.
Venus Distance from Earth
The following chart shows the distance of Venus from Earth as a function of time. In the chart the distance data is measured in Astronomical Units and sampled with an interval of 1 day.
The value of the reported distance might be somewhat inaccurate around the times of closest approach for objects passing extremely close to Earth. The value of the distance of Venus from Earth is also available as a real time updated value in the Live Position and Data Tracker.
Closest Approach of Venus to Earth
Between 1 January 1600 and 30 December 2499, the closest approach of Venus to Earth happens on Sat Dec 12 1615 at a distance of 0.264008 Astronomical Units, or 39,494,992 kilometers:
NOTE: values for the closest approach are computed with a sampling interval of 1 day.
Venus Brightness and Light Curve
The following chart is the predicted light curve (visual magnitude as a function of time) of Venus, according to the most recent ephemerides data. Magnitude data is sampled with a 2 days interval and there might be inaccuracies for objects changing brightness very rapidly during the course of a few days. For comets there could be large discrepancies between the observed and predicted brightness because of their highly dynamic behaviour.
Venus Physical Data
The following shows the known values of the most important physical parameters of Venus. Source: JPL Small-Body Database
|Physical Parameter||Value||Relative to Earth|
|Mass||4.86732 x 1024 kg||0.8150|
|Escape Velocity||10.36 km/s||0.9258|
|Sideral Rotation||-5,832.4320 hours||-243.6833|
Venus 15 Days Ephemeris
The following table lists the ephemerides of Venus computed for the past and next 7 days, with a 24 hours interval. Click on each row of the table to locate Venus in our Online Planetarium at the chosen date.
|Date||Right AscensionR.A.||DeclinationDec.||MagnitudeMag||Apparent DiameterDiameter||Constellation|
|2023 Dec 02||13h 41m 08s||-08° 09’ 50”||-4.18||17.0”||Virgo|
|2023 Dec 03||13h 45m 34s||-08° 33’ 57”||-4.18||16.9”||Virgo|
|2023 Dec 04||13h 50m 02s||-08° 58’ 00”||-4.17||16.8”||Virgo|
|2023 Dec 05||13h 54m 30s||-09° 21’ 57”||-4.17||16.6”||Virgo|
|2023 Dec 06||13h 58m 59s||-09° 45’ 48”||-4.16||16.5”||Virgo|
|2023 Dec 07||14h 03m 29s||-10° 09’ 32”||-4.15||16.4”||Virgo|
|2023 Dec 08||14h 08m 02s||-10° 33’ 06”||-4.15||16.3”||Virgo|
|2023 Dec 09||14h 12m 33s||-10° 56’ 33”||-4.14||16.2”||Virgo|
|2023 Dec 10||14h 17m 08s||-11° 19’ 49”||-4.14||16.1”||Virgo|
|2023 Dec 11||14h 21m 42s||-11° 42’ 53”||-4.13||16.0”||Virgo|
|2023 Dec 12||14h 26m 18s||-12° 05’ 47”||-4.13||15.9”||Libra|
|2023 Dec 13||14h 30m 56s||-12° 28’ 27”||-4.12||15.8”||Libra|
|2023 Dec 14||14h 35m 34s||-12° 50’ 56”||-4.12||15.7”||Libra|
|2023 Dec 15||14h 40m 13s||-13° 13’ 09”||-4.11||15.6”||Libra|