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Venus

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Venus Position

Venus is currently in the constellation of Aquarius. The current Right Ascension is 23h 09m 44s and the Declination is -06° 35’ 58”.

23h 09m 44s
-06° 35’ 58”

Simplified sky chart showing where Venus is right now in the sky with respect to the brightest stars and constellations (see full screen Online Planetarium)

Map showing Venus in Aquarius on January, 27 2020
Field of view: 60x30 degrees
View fullscreen
 = visible to the naked eye
 = binocular, brighter than 10th magnitude
= current altitude ≥ 30°   = current altitude < 30°   = below the horizon
Location: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]

Higher precision deep sky finder chart showing where Venus is right now (view fullscreen)

Venus
RA: 23h 09m 44s
Dec: -06° 35’ 58”
Deep sky finder chart for Venus
Field of view: 60x40 arcmins
View fullscreen

Also check out Where is Venus?, a page that provides all the information needed to find Venus in the sky and additional links to sky charts.

Venus Distance

The distance of Venus from Earth is currently 167,674,072 kilometers, equivalent to 1.120832 Astronomical Units. Light takes 9 minutes and 19.3005 seconds to travel from Venus and arrive to us.

167,674,072
1.120832
9 minutes and 19.3005 seconds

The following chart shows the distance of Venus from Earth as a function of time. In the chart the distance data is measured in Astronomical Units and sampled with an interval of 1 day.

Distance of Venus from Earth between January 2013 and December 2100

The value of the reported distance might be somewhat inaccurate around the times of closest approach for objects passing extremely close to Earth. The value of the distance of Venus from Earth is also available as a real time updated value in the Live Position and Data Tracker.

Closest approach of Venus to Earth

Between January 2013 and December 2100 the closest approach of Venus to Earth happens on Thu Dec 20 2085 at a distance of 0.26433101 Astronomical Units, or 39,543,357 kilometers:

Thu Dec 20 2085
39,543,357
0.264331

NOTE: values for the closest approach are computed with a sampling interval of 1 day.

Venus brightness

The current visual magnitude of Venus is -4.07.

-4.07
14.9”

The following chart is the predicted light curve (visual magnitude as a function of time) of Venus, according to the most recent ephemerides data. Magnitude data is sampled with a 2 days interval and there might be inaccuracies for objects changing brightness very rapidly during the course of a few days. For comets there could be large discrepancies between the observed and predicted brightness because of their highly dynamic behaviour.

Predicted magnitude of Venus between January 2013 and December 2100

Venus rise and set times

Location: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]
Latitude: 51° 28’ 47” N
Longitude: 0° 00’ 00” E
Timezone: Europe/London

Today's Venus rise, transit and set times from Greenwich, United Kingdom [change] are the following (all times relative to the local timezone Europe/London):

Azimuth: 96.5°
Max altitude: 32.1°
Azimuth: 263.7°
Venus is below the horizon from Greenwich, United Kingdom

The rise and set times are defined as the time at which the upper limb of Venus touches the horizon, considering the effect of the atmospheric refraction. As the atmospheric conditions cannot be modeled precisely the times reported here should be considered correct with an approximation of few minutes.

Venus Physical Data

The following shows the known values of the most important physical parameters of Venus. Source: JPL Small-Body Database

Physical Parameter Value Relative to Earth
Diameter 12103.6 km 0.9499
Mass 4.86732 x 1024 kg 0.8150
Density 5.243 gr/cm3 0.9510
Escape Velocity 10.36 km/s 0.9258
Sideral Rotation -5,832.4320 hours -243.6833
Absolute Magnitude -4.47
Geometric Albedo 0.65

Venus 15 Days Ephemeris

The following table lists the ephemerides of Venus computed for the past and next 7 days, with a 24 hours interval. Click on each row of the table to locate Venus in our Online Planetarium at the chosen date.

Date Right AscensionR.A. DeclinationDec. MagnitudeMag Apparent DiameterDiameter Constellation
2020 Jan 20 22h 37m 59s -10° 09’ 23” -4.04 14.3” Aquarius
2020 Jan 21 22h 42m 29s -09° 40’ 15” -4.04 14.4” Aquarius
2020 Jan 22 22h 46m 56s -09° 10’ 54” -4.05 14.5” Aquarius
2020 Jan 23 22h 51m 24s -08° 41’ 18” -4.05 14.5” Aquarius
2020 Jan 24 22h 55m 49s -08° 11’ 31” -4.06 14.6” Aquarius
2020 Jan 25 23h 00m 14s -07° 41’ 31” -4.06 14.7” Aquarius
2020 Jan 26 23h 04m 37s -07° 11’ 21” -4.07 14.8” Aquarius
2020 Jan 27 23h 09m 01s -06° 40’ 59” -4.07 14.9” Aquarius
2020 Jan 28 23h 13m 23s -06° 10’ 29” -4.08 15.0” Aquarius
2020 Jan 29 23h 17m 43s -05° 39’ 51” -4.08 15.0” Aquarius
2020 Jan 30 23h 22m 02s -05° 09’ 02” -4.09 15.1” Aquarius
2020 Jan 31 23h 26m 22s -04° 38’ 08” -4.10 15.2” Aquarius
2020 Feb 01 23h 30m 41s -04° 07’ 08” -4.10 15.3” Aquarius
2020 Feb 02 23h 34m 58s -03° 36’ 01” -4.11 15.4” Aquarius