Your guide to the Solar System and the night sky
🌎 Location: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]

Venus

Venus is currently in the constellation of Leo. The current Right Ascension of Venus is 11h 38m 16s and the Declination is +03° 48’ 39” (topocentric coordinates computed for the selected location: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]). The current magnitude of Venus is -4.00 (JPL).

Summary of key facts about Venus [tip: you can also create a Quick Access page for this data if you access it frequently and would like to have a simpler view]:

11h 38m 16s
+03° 48’ 39”
Leo
-4.00

If you need to access this information frequently for your observations, you can create a simple customized Quick Access page, so that you can easily bookmark it in your browser favorites or add a shortcut to your mobile phones' home screen.

Additional information about Venus available on TheSkyLive:

Available Resources

Venus Position and Finder Charts

Below we provide Venus finder charts showing where the object is right now in the sky with respect to the brightest stars. The first finder chart has a field of view of 50 degrees, while the second one has a field of view of 10 degrees. Click on each finder chart to access a full screen interactive Online Planetarium.

Map showing Venus in Leo on October, 22 2020
Field of view: 50x30 degrees
View fullscreen
Map showing Venus in Leo on October, 22 2020
Field of view: 10x6 degrees
View fullscreen
 = visible to the naked eye
 = binocular, brighter than 10th magnitude
= current altitude ≥ 30°   = current altitude < 30°   = below the horizon
Location: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]

Higher precision deep sky finder chart, 60 arcmin wide, showing where Venus is right now. Click on the image to see a more detailed fullscreen tracker view.

Venus
RA: 11h 38m 16s
Dec: +03° 48’ 39”
Deep sky finder chart for Venus
Field of view: 60x40 arcmins
View fullscreen

Also check out Where is Venus?, a page that provides all the information needed to find Venus in the sky and additional links to sky charts.

Venus Distance from Earth

The distance of Venus from Earth is currently 181,965,313 kilometers, equivalent to 1.216363 Astronomical Units. Light takes 10 minutes and 6.9709 seconds to travel from Venus and arrive to us.

181,965,313
1.216363
10 minutes and 6.9709 seconds

The following chart shows the distance of Venus from Earth as a function of time. In the chart the distance data is measured in Astronomical Units and sampled with an interval of 1 day.

Distance of Venus from Earth between January 1900 and January 2100

The value of the reported distance might be somewhat inaccurate around the times of closest approach for objects passing extremely close to Earth. The value of the distance of Venus from Earth is also available as a real time updated value in the Live Position and Data Tracker.

Closest approach of Venus to Earth

Between January 1900 and January 2100, the closest approach of Venus to Earth happens on Thu Dec 20 2085 at a distance of 0.264331 Astronomical Units, or 39,543,360 kilometers:

Thu Dec 20 2085
39,543,360
0.264331

NOTE: values for the closest approach are computed with a sampling interval of 1 day.

Venus brightness

The current visual magnitude of Venus is -4.00.

-4.00
13.7”

The following chart is the predicted light curve (visual magnitude as a function of time) of Venus, according to the most recent ephemerides data. Magnitude data is sampled with a 2 days interval and there might be inaccuracies for objects changing brightness very rapidly during the course of a few days. For comets there could be large discrepancies between the observed and predicted brightness because of their highly dynamic behaviour.

Predicted magnitude of Venus between January 1900 and January 2100

Venus rise and set times

Location: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]
Latitude: 51° 28’ 47” N
Longitude: 0° 00’ 00” E
Timezone: Europe/London

Today's Venus rise, transit and set times from Greenwich, United Kingdom [change] are the following (all times relative to the local timezone Europe/London):

Azimuth: 85.8°
Max altitude: 42.6°
Azimuth: 273.9°

The rise and set times are defined as the time at which the upper limb of Venus touches the horizon, considering the effect of the atmospheric refraction. As the atmospheric conditions cannot be modeled precisely the times reported here should be considered correct with an approximation of few minutes.

Venus Physical Data

The following shows the known values of the most important physical parameters of Venus. Source: JPL Small-Body Database

Physical Parameter Value Relative to Earth
Diameter 12103.6 km 0.9499
Mass 4.86732 x 1024 kg 0.8150
Density 5.243 gr/cm3 0.9510
Escape Velocity 10.36 km/s 0.9258
Sideral Rotation -5,832.4320 hours -243.6833
Absolute Magnitude -4.47
Geometric Albedo 0.65

Venus 15 Days Ephemeris

The following table lists the ephemerides of Venus computed for the past and next 7 days, with a 24 hours interval. Click on each row of the table to locate Venus in our Online Planetarium at the chosen date.

Date Right AscensionR.A. DeclinationDec. MagnitudeMag Apparent DiameterDiameter Constellation
2020 Oct 15 11h 02m 40s +07° 13’ 45” -4.03 14.3” Leo
2020 Oct 16 11h 07m 10s +06° 48’ 38” -4.03 14.2” Leo
2020 Oct 17 11h 11m 40s +06° 23’ 17” -4.03 14.2” Leo
2020 Oct 18 11h 16m 10s +05° 57’ 42” -4.02 14.1” Leo
2020 Oct 19 11h 20m 39s +05° 31’ 53” -4.02 14.0” Leo
2020 Oct 20 11h 25m 09s +05° 05’ 52” -4.01 13.9” Leo
2020 Oct 21 11h 29m 39s +04° 39’ 38” -4.01 13.9” Leo
2020 Oct 22 11h 34m 08s +04° 13’ 14” -4.01 13.8” Leo
2020 Oct 23 11h 38m 36s +03° 46’ 41” -4.00 13.7” Virgo
2020 Oct 24 11h 43m 05s +03° 19’ 55” -4.00 13.6” Virgo
2020 Oct 25 11h 47m 35s +02° 53’ 03” -4.00 13.6” Virgo
2020 Oct 26 11h 52m 04s +02° 25’ 59” -3.99 13.5” Virgo
2020 Oct 27 11h 56m 33s +01° 58’ 50” -3.99 13.4” Virgo
2020 Oct 28 12h 01m 03s +01° 31’ 32” -3.99 13.4” Virgo