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🌎  Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]

Comet C/2020 S4 (PANSTARRS)

Comet C/2020 S4 (PANSTARRS) is currently in the constellation of Taurus. The current Right Ascension of Comet C/2020 S4 (PANSTARRS) is 04h 34m 53s and the Declination is +02° 28’ 45” (topocentric coordinates computed for the selected location: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]). The current estimated magnitude of Comet C/2020 S4 (PANSTARRS) is 17.65 (JPL).

Summary of key facts about Comet C/2020 S4 (PANSTARRS) [tip: you can also create a Quick Access page for this data if you access it frequently and would like to have a simpler view]:

04h 34m 53s
+02° 28’ 45”
Taurus
17.65
  • C/2020 S4 (PANSTARRS) is above the horizon from Greenwich, United Kingdom [change].
  • It is visible looking in the South-South-East direction at an altitude of 40° above the horizon.
  • Given its current magnitude, C/2020 S4 (PANSTARRS) is visible only through long exposure photography.
  • See also C/2020 S4 (PANSTARRS) rise and set times.
  • Go to interactive sky chart

If you need to access this information frequently for your observations, you can create a simple customized Quick Access page, so that you can easily bookmark it in your browser favorites or add a shortcut to your mobile phones' home screen.

Additional information about Comet C/2020 S4 (PANSTARRS) available on TheSkyLive:

Available Resources

Comet C/2020 S4 (PANSTARRS) Position and Finder Charts

Below we provide Comet C/2020 S4 (PANSTARRS) finder charts showing where the object is right now in the sky with respect to the brightest stars. The first finder chart has a field of view of 50 degrees, while the second one has a field of view of 10 degrees. Click on each finder chart to access a full screen interactive Online Planetarium.

Map showing Comet C/2020 S4 (PANSTARRS) in Taurus on December, 08 2021
Field of view: 50x30 degrees
View fullscreen
Map showing Comet C/2020 S4 (PANSTARRS) in Taurus on December, 08 2021
Field of view: 10x6 degrees
View fullscreen
 = visible to the naked eye
 = binocular, brighter than 10th magnitude
= current altitude ≥ 30°   = current altitude < 30°   = below the horizon
Location: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]

Higher precision deep sky finder chart, 60 arcmin wide, showing where Comet C/2020 S4 (PANSTARRS) is right now. Click on the image to see a more detailed fullscreen tracker view.

C/2020 S4 (PANSTARRS)
RA: 04h 34m 53s
Dec: +02° 28’ 45”
Deep sky finder chart for Comet C/2020 S4 (PANSTARRS)
Field of view: 60x40 arcmins
View fullscreen

Also check out Where is Comet C/2020 S4 (PANSTARRS)?, a page that provides all the information needed to find Comet C/2020 S4 (PANSTARRS) in the sky and additional links to sky charts.

Comet C/2020 S4 (PANSTARRS) Distance from Earth

The distance of Comet C/2020 S4 (PANSTARRS) from Earth is currently 624,525,358 kilometers, equivalent to 4.174694 Astronomical Units. Light takes 34 minutes and 43.1924 seconds to travel from Comet C/2020 S4 (PANSTARRS) and arrive to us.

624,525,358
4.174694
34 minutes and 43.1924 seconds

The following chart shows the distance of Comet C/2020 S4 (PANSTARRS) from Earth as a function of time. In the chart the distance data is measured in Astronomical Units and sampled with an interval of 1 day.

Distance of Comet C/2020 S4 (PANSTARRS) from Earth between January 2013 and December 2100

The value of the reported distance might be somewhat inaccurate around the times of closest approach for objects passing extremely close to Earth. The value of the distance of C/2020 S4 (PANSTARRS) from Earth is also available as a real time updated value in the Live Position and Data Tracker.

Closest approach of Comet C/2020 S4 (PANSTARRS) to Earth

Between January 2013 and December 2100, the closest approach of Comet C/2020 S4 (PANSTARRS) to Earth happens on Mon Feb 6 2023 at a distance of 2.394139 Astronomical Units, or 358,158,132 kilometers:

Mon Feb 6 2023
358,158,132
2.394139

NOTE: values for the closest approach are computed with a sampling interval of 1 day.

Comet C/2020 S4 (PANSTARRS) brightness

The current visual magnitude of Comet C/2020 S4 (PANSTARRS) is 17.65.

17.65
-
-

The observed magnitude and coma diameter values are derived from the Comet Observers Database by averaging the values reported in recent observations (more recent than 4 days), when available. The Estimated Magnitude comes from the JPL Horizons ephemerides service and might be inaccurate given the highly dynamic and unpredictable behavior of comets. When available, please refer to the Observed Magnitude value and consider the Estimated Magnitude as a directional indication. We acknowledge with thanks the comet observations from the COBS Comet Observation Database contributed by observers worldwide and used in this table to report recent comet observations.

The following chart is the predicted light curve (visual magnitude as a function of time) of Comet C/2020 S4 (PANSTARRS), according to the most recent ephemerides data. Magnitude data is sampled with a 2 days interval and there might be inaccuracies for objects changing brightness very rapidly during the course of a few days. For comets there could be large discrepancies between the observed and predicted brightness because of their highly dynamic behaviour.

Predicted magnitude of Comet C/2020 S4 (PANSTARRS) between January 2013 and December 2100

Comet C/2020 S4 (PANSTARRS) rise and set times

Location: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]
Latitude: 51° 28’ 47” N
Longitude: 0° 00’ 00” E
Timezone: Europe/London

Today's Comet C/2020 S4 (PANSTARRS) rise, transit and set times from Greenwich, United Kingdom [change] are the following (all times relative to the local timezone Europe/London):

Azimuth: 87.5°
Max altitude: 41.0°
Azimuth: 272.5°

The rise and set times are defined as the time at which the upper limb of Comet C/2020 S4 (PANSTARRS) touches the horizon, considering the effect of the atmospheric refraction. As the atmospheric conditions cannot be modeled precisely the times reported here should be considered correct with an approximation of few minutes.

Comet C/2020 S4 (PANSTARRS) Orbital Elements

The following table lists the orbital elements of Comet C/2020 S4 (PANSTARRS) at epoch 19 May 2021 00:00 UTC (JD: 2459354.5). Source: JPL Small-Body Database

Element Symbol Value
Orbit eccentricity e 0.99991914
Orbit inclination i 20.57471420°
Perihelion distance q 3.36840535 AU
503,906,270 km
Aphelion distance Q 83,315.78421705 AU
12,463,863,939,566 km
Semi-major axis a 41,659.57631120 AU
6,232,183,922,918 km
Orbital period period 8,503,162.4339 years
3,105,780,078.9922 days
Date of perihelion transit Tp 2023-Feb-09 12:20:45
2,459,985.0144 JD
Argument of perihelion peri 21.049360819896°
Longitude of the ascending node node 117.71420756572°
Mean anomaly M 359.99992691524°
Mean motion n 0.00000012°/day

Visualization of Comet C/2020 S4 (PANSTARRS) Orbit

This 3d orbit diagram is a feature of our 3D Solar System Simulator and shows the orbit of Comet C/2020 S4 (PANSTARRS) with respect of the Sun and the orbits of the major planets. The position of Comet C/2020 S4 (PANSTARRS) and the planets along their orbits in this diagram accurately represents the current configuration of the objects in the Solar System. This is an experimental feature and it requires a WebGL enabled browser. Please provide us feedback!

Orbit Diagram of Comet C/2020 S4 (PANSTARRS)
View Comet C/2020 S4 (PANSTARRS) in the 3D Solar System Simulator

Comet C/2020 S4 (PANSTARRS) 15 Days Ephemeris

The following table lists the ephemerides of Comet C/2020 S4 (PANSTARRS) computed for the past and next 7 days, with a 24 hours interval. Click on each row of the table to locate Comet C/2020 S4 (PANSTARRS) in our Online Planetarium at the chosen date.

Date Right AscensionR.A. DeclinationDec. MagnitudeMag Constellation
2021 Dec 01 04h 38m 53s +02° 24’ 02” 17.71 Taurus
2021 Dec 02 04h 38m 22s +02° 24’ 20” 17.70 Taurus
2021 Dec 03 04h 37m 53s +02° 24’ 43” 17.70 Taurus
2021 Dec 04 04h 37m 23s +02° 25’ 13” 17.69 Taurus
2021 Dec 05 04h 36m 52s +02° 25’ 45” 17.68 Taurus
2021 Dec 06 04h 36m 23s +02° 26’ 23” 17.67 Taurus
2021 Dec 07 04h 35m 52s +02° 27’ 07” 17.67 Taurus
2021 Dec 08 04h 35m 21s +02° 27’ 56” 17.66 Taurus
2021 Dec 09 04h 34m 51s +02° 28’ 50” 17.65 Taurus
2021 Dec 10 04h 34m 22s +02° 29’ 49” 17.64 Taurus
2021 Dec 11 04h 33m 51s +02° 30’ 55” 17.64 Taurus
2021 Dec 12 04h 33m 20s +02° 32’ 04” 17.63 Taurus
2021 Dec 13 04h 32m 52s +02° 33’ 20” 17.63 Taurus
2021 Dec 14 04h 32m 21s +02° 34’ 40” 17.62 Taurus