Aldebaran - α Tauri (alpha Tauri)
Aldebaran, also designated as α Tauri (alpha Tauri), is a variable and multiple giant star in the constellation of Taurus.
Aldebaran visual magnitude is 0.85, making it the 13th brightest star in the sky. Thanks to its high brightness, Aldebaran is clearly visible when observed from locations with dark skyes, and should be also quite easily visible from light polluted areas.
The table below summarizes the key facts about Aldebaran:
Celestial coordinates and finder chart of Aldebaran
Aldebaran is situated close to the celestial equator, as such, it is at least partly visible from both hemispheres in certain times of the year. Celestial coordinates for the J2000 equinox as well as galactic coordinates of Aldebaran are provided in the following table:
The simplified sky map below shows the position of Aldebaran in the sky:
Visibility of Aldebaran from your location
Digitized Sky Survey image of Aldebaran
The image below is a photograph of Aldebaran from the Digitized Sky Survey 2 (DSS2 - see the credits section) taken in the red channel. The area of sky represented in the image is 0.5x0.5 degrees (30x30 arcmins). The proper motion of Aldebaran is 0.063 arcsec per year in Right Ascension and -0.19 arcsec per year in Declination and the associated displacement for the next 1000 years is represented with the red arrow.
Distance of Aldebaran from the Sun and relative movement
Aldebaran is distant 65.08 light years from the Sun and it is moving far from the Sun at the speed of 54 kilometers per second.
Spectral properties of Aldebaran
Aldebaran belongs to spectral class K5 and has a luminosity class of III corresponding to a giant star.
The red dot in the diagram below shows where Aldebaran is situated in the Hertzsprung–Russell diagram.
Aldebaran star system properties
Aldebaran is a visual double star which can be observed only with the help of very large telescopes. The table below shows key information about the Aldebaran double sysyem: