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A Complete Guide to the Solar System and the Night Sky
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public Observing fromLocation: Greenwich, United Kingdom edit_location_alt
north SunriseRise: 7:38  
clear_day Transit: 11:46  
SunsetSet: 15:54 south
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All Constellations » Cepheus » 

π Cephei (pi Cephei)

Altitude: 44.7°   Azimuth: 340.5°   Direction: North-North-West

π Cephei is a multiple giant star in the constellation of Cepheus.

π Cephei visual magnitude is 4.41. Because of its moderate brightness, π Cephei should be easily visible from locations with dark skyes, while it can be barely visible, or not visible at all, from skyes affected by light pollution.

The table below summarizes the key facts about π Cephei:


π Cephei (pi Cephei) is above the horizon from Greenwich, United Kingdom edit_location_alt.

Altitude: 44.7°
Azimuth: 340.5°
Direction: North-North-West

Celestial coordinates and finder chart of π Cephei

π Cephei is situated close to the northern celestial pole and, as such, it is visible for most part of the year from the northern hemisphere. Celestial coordinates for the J2000 equinox as well as galactic coordinates of π Cephei are provided in the following table:

23h 07m 53s
+75° 23’ 15”

The simplified sky map below shows the position of π Cephei in the sky:

Finder chart π Cephei (pi Cephei) star
Simplified finder chart for π Cephei (pi Cephei).

Visibility of π Cephei from your location

Location: Greenwich, United Kingdom edit_location_alt
Latitude: 51° 28’ 47” N
Longitude: 0° 00’ 00” E
Timezone: Europe/London

π Cephei (pi Cephei) is circumpolar and transits at 18:34 UTC (altitude: 66.1°)

Digitized Sky Survey image of π Cephei

The image below is a photograph of π Cephei from the Digitized Sky Survey 2 (DSS2 - see the credits section) taken in the red channel. The area of sky represented in the image is 0.5x0.5 degrees (30x30 arcmins). The proper motion of π Cephei is 0.012 arcsec per year in Right Ascension and -0.03 arcsec per year in Declination and the associated displacement for the next 10000 years is represented with the red arrow.

Image of π Cephei (pi Cephei) star
DSS2 image of π Cephei. The red arrow shows the motion of π Cephei during the next 10000 years (2.00 arcmin in Right Ascension and -5.00 arcmin in declination);

Distance of π Cephei from the Sun and relative movement

π Cephei is distant 219.82 light years from the Sun and it is moving towards the Sun at the speed of 19 kilometers per second.

67.43 pc
219.82 ly
-19 km/s
0.012 arcsec/year
-0.03 arcsec/year

Spectral properties of π Cephei

π Cephei belongs to spectral class G2 and has a luminosity class of III corresponding to a giant star.


The red dot in the diagram below shows where π Cephei is situated in the Hertzsprung–Russell diagram.

HR Diagram
H-R diagram showing the position of π Cephei. Attribution: Richard Powell / CC BY-SA

π Cephei star system properties

π Cephei is a visual double star which can be observed with the help of large telescopes. The table below shows key information about the π Cephei double sysyem:

1 arcsec

Alternative designations of π Cephei

π Cephei
(pi Cephei)