Messier 51 (Whirlpool Galaxy) - Intermediate Spiral Galaxy in Canes Venatici
Messier 51 is a Intermediate Spiral Galaxy in the Canes Venatici constellation. Messier 51 is situated north of the celestial equator and, as such, it is more easily visible from the northern hemisphere.
- Messier 51 is above the horizon from Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]. Its current altitude is 71° above the horizon. See also rise and set times.
- Given its visual magnitude of 8.36, Messier 51 is visible with the help of a binocular with a 40-50mm aperture or a small telescope.
Photometric information of Messier 51
The following table lists the magnitude of Messier 51 in different bands of the electomagnetic spectrum (when available), from the B band (445nm wavelength, corresponding to the Blue color), to the V band ( 551nm wavelength, corresponding to Green/Yellow color), to the J, H, K bands (corresponding to 1220nm, 1630nm, 2190nm wavelengths respectively, which are colors not visible to the human eye).
For more information about photometry in astronomy, check the photometric system article on Wikipedia.
The surface brightess reported below is an indication of the brightness per unit of angular area of Messier 51.
Apparent size of Messier 51The following table reports Messier 51 apparent angular size. The green area displayed on top of the DSS2 image of Messier 51 is a visual representation of it.
Digitized Sky Survey image of Messier 51
The image below is a photograph of Messier 51 from the Digitized Sky Survey 2 (DSS2 - see the credits section) taken in the red channel. The area of sky represented in the image is 0.457x0.457 degrees (27.42x27.42 arcmins).
Messier 51 (Whirlpool Galaxy) - Intermediate Spiral Galaxy in Canes Venatici morphological classification
Messier 51 (Whirlpool Galaxy) - Intermediate Spiral Galaxy in Canes Venatici is classified as Intermediate Spiral (SABb) according to the Hubble and de Vaucouleurs galaxy morphological classification. The diagram below shows a visual representation of the position of Messier 51 (Whirlpool Galaxy) - Intermediate Spiral Galaxy in Canes Venatici in the Hubble de Vaucouleurs sequence.
Credits for the background image: Antonio Ciccolella / M. De Leo / CC BY
Celestial coordinates and finder chart of Messier 51
Celestial coordinates for the J2000 equinox of Messier 51 are provided in the following table:
The simplified sky charts below show the position of Messier 51 in the sky. The first chart has a field of view of 60° while the second one has a field of view of 10°.
Rise ans set times of Messier 51 from your location
Location: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]
Latitude: 51° 28’ 47” N
Longitude: 0° 00’ 00” E
Messier 51 (Whirlpool Galaxy) - Intermediate Spiral Galaxy in Canes Venatici is circumpolar and transits at 01:20 UTC (altitude: 85.7°)