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A Complete Guide to the Solar System and the Night Sky
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public Observing fromLocation: Greenwich, United Kingdom edit_location_alt
north SunriseRise: 7:43  
clear_day Transit: 11:47  
SunsetSet: 15:52 south
sunny DaytimeWhat's Visible Now?
All Constellations » Cygnus » 

η Cygni (eta Cygni)

Altitude: 54.0°   Azimuth: 99.1°   Direction: East

η Cygni is a variable and multiple hypergiant star in the constellation of Cygnus.

η Cygni visual magnitude is 3.89. Because of its moderate brightness, η Cygni should be easily visible from locations with dark skyes, while it can be barely visible, or not visible at all, from skyes affected by light pollution.

The table below summarizes the key facts about η Cygni:


η Cygni (eta Cygni) is above the horizon from Greenwich, United Kingdom edit_location_alt.

Altitude: 54.0°
Azimuth: 99.1°
Direction: East

Celestial coordinates and finder chart of η Cygni

η Cygni is situated north of the celestial equator, as such, it is more easily visible from the northern hemisphere. Celestial coordinates for the J2000 equinox as well as galactic coordinates of η Cygni are provided in the following table:

19h 56m 18s
+35° 04’ 59”

The simplified sky map below shows the position of η Cygni in the sky:

Finder chart η Cygni (eta Cygni) star
Simplified finder chart for η Cygni (eta Cygni).

Visibility of η Cygni from your location

Location: Greenwich, United Kingdom edit_location_alt
Latitude: 51° 28’ 47” N
Longitude: 0° 00’ 00” E
Timezone: Europe/London

Today's η Cygni (eta Cygni) rise, transit and set times from Greenwich, United Kingdom edit_location_alt are the following (all times relative to the local timezone Europe/London):

Azimuth: 54.9°
Max altitude: 73.6°
Azimuth: 305.1°

Digitized Sky Survey image of η Cygni

The image below is a photograph of η Cygni from the Digitized Sky Survey 2 (DSS2 - see the credits section) taken in the red channel. The area of sky represented in the image is 0.5x0.5 degrees (30x30 arcmins). The proper motion of η Cygni is -0.032 arcsec per year in Right Ascension and -0.027 arcsec per year in Declination and the associated displacement for the next 10000 years is represented with the red arrow.

Image of η Cygni (eta Cygni) star
DSS2 image of η Cygni. The red arrow shows the motion of η Cygni during the next 10000 years (-5.33 arcmin in Right Ascension and -4.50 arcmin in declination);

Distance of η Cygni from the Sun and relative movement

η Cygni is distant 139.32 light years from the Sun and it is moving towards the Sun at the speed of 27 kilometers per second.

42.74 pc
139.32 ly
-27 km/s
-0.032 arcsec/year
-0.027 arcsec/year

Spectral properties of η Cygni

η Cygni belongs to spectral class K0 and has a luminosity class of III corresponding to a hypergiant star.


The red dot in the diagram below shows where η Cygni is situated in the Hertzsprung–Russell diagram.

HR Diagram
H-R diagram showing the position of η Cygni. Attribution: Richard Powell / CC BY-SA

η Cygni star system properties

η Cygni is a visual double star which can be observed only with the help of very large telescopes. The table below shows key information about the η Cygni double sysyem:

46 arcsec

Alternative designations of η Cygni

η Cygni
(eta Cygni)