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Caelum (The Chisel)

Caelum (pronounced ˈsiːləm) is the Latin name of a constellation situated south of the celestial equator. As such, it is more easily visible from the southern hemisphere.

In English language this constellation is also known as "The Chisel" while in astronomical texts and literature this constellation is often abbreviated as "Cae" (according to the standard of the International Astronomical Union - IAU) or as "Cael" (according to a naming convention used by NASA).

The Latin genitive of the constellation name is "Caeli" (pronounced ˈsiːlaɪ) and it is used to identify some of the brightest stars in this constellation based on the Bayer or Flamsteed star naming convention. For instance: α Caeli (the brightest star of Caelum based on the Bayer catalog); or 23 Caeli (the 23th star in the constellation of Caelum based on the Flamsteed catalog).

Caelum is below the horizon from Greenwich, United Kingdom [change].
Available Resources for Caelum

Sky chart of Caelum from your location

Here we provide a simplified sky chart of the Caelum constellation. Alternatively it is possible to locate Caelum in the night sky using our Online Interactive Planetarium.

Chart of  constellation
This constellation image is derivatve work based on original work by IAU and Sky & Telescope magazine (Roger Sinnott & Rick Fienberg) CC-BY-3.0.

Visibility of Caelum from your location

Location: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]
Latitude: 51° 28’ 47” N
Longitude: 0° 00’ 00” E
Timezone: Europe/London

Caelum is currently not visible from Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]

The rise and set times provided here are just directional indications and they refer to a point approximately placed at the center of the constellation. In case of very large constellations these times can have little relevance.

Top bright stars in Caelum

The table below lists the top 20 brightest stars in the Caelum constellation. See also the complete list of 21 stars brighter than magnitude 6.5 (approximate) in the constellation of Caelum. Click on each star to see more details about it.

HR Number(*) Star designation Proper name Visual magnitude Color Notes
HR1502 α Caeli 4.45 Variable; Double;
HR1652 γ1 Caeli 4.55 Variable; Double;
HR1503 β Caeli 5.05
HR1443 δ Caeli 5.07 Variable;
HR1509 5.68
HR1559 5.86 Double;
HR1635 5.94
HR1631 6.03
HR1526 6.05
HR1557 6.07 Double;
HR1584 6.1
HR1418 6.1
HR1433 6.16
HR1518 6.25
HR1651 6.31
HR1653 γ2 Caeli 6.34 Variable;
HR1539 ζ Caeli 6.37
HR1404 6.39
HR1429 6.44 Variable;
HR1548 6.72
...go to the complete list of 21 bright stars in the constellation of Caelum

(*) HR stands for Harvard Revised Bright Star Catalogue, which is also known as the Yale Catalogue of Bright Stars.

Top deep sky objects in Caelum

The table below lists the 20 brightest deep sky objects in the Caelum constellation. See also the complete list of 22 deep sky objects in the constellation of Caelum. The list includes objects from the Messier, New General Catalogue (NGC) and Index Catalogue (IC).

Name Type Magnitude
NGC 1679 Galaxy 12 (B)
NGC 1570 Galaxy 13.22 (B)
NGC 1558 Galaxy 13.28 (B)
NGC 1567 Galaxy 13.36 (B)
NGC 1701 Galaxy 13.63 (B)
NGC 1572 Galaxy 13.63 (B)
NGC 1616 Galaxy 13.65 (B)
NGC 1595 Galaxy 13.75 (B)
NGC 1668 Galaxy 13.76 (B)
IC 2106 Galaxy 13.78 (B)
NGC 1598 Galaxy 13.91 (B)
NGC 1759 Galaxy 14.11 (B)
NGC 1585 Galaxy 14.23 (B)
IC 2068 Galaxy 14.29 (B)
NGC 1658 Galaxy 14.38 (B)
NGC 1687 Galaxy 14.73 (B)
NGC 1660 Galaxy 14.86 (B)
...go to the complete list of 22 deep sky objects in the constellation of Caelum