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🌎 Location: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]

Messier 109 - Spiral Galaxy

Messier 109 is a Spiral Galaxy in the Ursa Major constellation. Messier 109 is situated north of the celestial equator and, as such, it is more easily visible from the northern hemisphere.

Messier 109
Galaxy
Ursa Major
  • Messier 109 is above the horizon from Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]. Its current altitude is 57° above the horizon. See also rise and set times.
  • Given its visual magnitude of 9.88, Messier 109 is visible with the help of a binocular with a 80mm aperture or a small telescope.
Available Resources for Messier 109 - Spiral Galaxy

Photometric information of Messier 109

The following table lists the magnitude of Messier 109 in different bands of the electomagnetic spectrum (when available), from the B band (445nm wavelength, corresponding to the Blue color), to the V band ( 551nm wavelength, corresponding to Green/Yellow color), to the J, H, K bands (corresponding to 1220nm, 1630nm, 2190nm wavelengths respectively, which are colors not visible to the human eye).

10.94
9.88
7.85
7.19
6.94

For more information about photometry in astronomy, check the photometric system article on Wikipedia.

The surface brightess reported below is an indication of the brightness per unit of angular area of Messier 109.

23.45 mag/arcsec2

Apparent size of Messier 109

The following table reports Messier 109 apparent angular size. The green area displayed on top of the DSS2 image of Messier 109 is a visual representation of it.
8.07 arcmin
5.64 arcmin
78°

Digitized Sky Survey image of Messier 109

The image below is a photograph of Messier 109 from the Digitized Sky Survey 2 (DSS2 - see the credits section) taken in the red channel. The area of sky represented in the image is 0.5x0.5 degrees (30x30 arcmins).

Image of Messier 109 - Spiral Galaxy star
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DSS2 image of Messier 109 in the Red band. The green region on the image is a representation of the major (8.07 arcmin) and minor (5.64 arcmin) axes of the object's apparent size.

Messier 109 - Spiral Galaxy morphological classification

Messier 109 - Spiral Galaxy is classified as Spiral (SAbc) according to the Hubble and de Vaucouleurs galaxy morphological classification. The diagram below shows a visual representation of the position of Messier 109 - Spiral Galaxy in the Hubble de Vaucouleurs sequence.

Messier 109 - Spiral Galaxy
Visualization of the morphological classification of Messier 109 - Spiral Galaxy, Spiral (SAbc).
Credits for the background image: Antonio Ciccolella / M. De Leo / CC BY

Celestial coordinates and finder chart of Messier 109

Celestial coordinates for the J2000 equinox of Messier 109 are provided in the following table:

11h 57m 36s
+53° 22’ 28”

The simplified sky charts below show the position of Messier 109 in the sky. The first chart has a field of view of 60° while the second one has a field of view of 10°.

Finder chart Messier 109 - Spiral Galaxy star
Simplified finder chart for Messier 109 - Spiral Galaxy.

Finder chart Messier 109 - Spiral Galaxy star
Simplified finder chart for Messier 109 - Spiral Galaxy.

Rise ans set times of Messier 109 from your location

Location: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change]
Latitude: 51° 28’ 47” N
Longitude: 0° 00’ 00” E
Timezone: Europe/London

Messier 109 - Spiral Galaxy is circumpolar and transits at 14:23 UTC (altitude: 88.1°)