Messier 109 - Spiral Galaxy in Ursa Major
Messier 109 is a Spiral Galaxy in the Ursa Major constellation. Messier 109 is situated north of the celestial equator and, as such, it is more easily visible from the northern hemisphere.
See also Messier 109 rise and set times.
Given its visual magnitude of 9.88, Messier 109 is visible with the help of a binocular with a 80mm aperture or a small telescope.
Photometric information of Messier 109
The following table lists the magnitude of Messier 109 in different bands of the electomagnetic spectrum (when available), from the B band (445nm wavelength, corresponding to the Blue color), to the V band ( 551nm wavelength, corresponding to Green/Yellow color), to the J, H, K bands (corresponding to 1220nm, 1630nm, 2190nm wavelengths respectively, which are colors not visible to the human eye).
For more information about photometry in astronomy, check the photometric system article on Wikipedia.
The surface brightess reported below is an indication of the brightness per unit of angular area of Messier 109.
Apparent size of Messier 109The following table reports Messier 109 apparent angular size. The green area displayed on top of the DSS2 image of Messier 109 is a visual representation of it.
Digitized Sky Survey image of Messier 109
The image below is a photograph of Messier 109 from the Digitized Sky Survey 2 (DSS2 - see the credits section) taken in the red channel. The area of sky represented in the image is 0.5x0.5 degrees (30x30 arcmins).
Messier 109 - Spiral Galaxy in Ursa Major morphological classification
Messier 109 - Spiral Galaxy in Ursa Major is classified as Spiral (SAbc) according to the Hubble and de Vaucouleurs galaxy morphological classification. The diagram below shows a visual representation of the position of Messier 109 - Spiral Galaxy in Ursa Major in the Hubble de Vaucouleurs sequence.
Celestial coordinates and finder chart of Messier 109
Celestial coordinates for the J2000 equinox of Messier 109 are provided in the following table:
The simplified sky charts below show the position of Messier 109 in the sky. The first chart has a field of view of 60° while the second one has a field of view of 10°.
Rise ans set times of Messier 109 from your location
Messier 109 - Spiral Galaxy in Ursa Major is circumpolar and transits at 11:49 UTC (altitude: 88.1°)